Vidya Jayasankar

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A cDNA encoding vitellogenin (Vg) in the giant freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, was cloned based on the cDNA sequence of vitellin (Vn) fragments A-N and B-42 determined previously, and its amino acid sequence deduced. The open reading frame (ORF) encoded 2,537 amino acid residues and its deduced amino acid sequence possessed three consensus(More)
The dynamics of vitellogenin mRNA expression during ovarian maturation in Macrobrachium rosenbergii were examined by measuring hemolymph vitellogenin (Vg) levels and Vg mRNA expression in the hepatopancreas and ovary at differing reproductive stages in both intact and eyestalk ablated animals. Vg mRNA was quantified using real-time RT-PCR and hemolymph Vg(More)
In order to determine the primary structure of vitellogenin in a protandric species, the coonstriped shrimp Pandalus hypsinotus, we previously purified four vitellin components (designated as VnA, VnB, VnC, and VnD, respectively), and chemically analyzed their partial amino acid sequences. In this study, we subsequently cloned a cDNA encoding vitellogenin(More)
In the present study, the role of carbonic anhydrase (CA) and Na/K-ATPase in the gill and epidermal tissues in the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii was examined as a function of molting stage. CA activity levels in the front and back gills were low at the intermolt stage C0, but increased significantly at premolt stage D3, and then decreased(More)
In situ hybridization and immunohistochemical techniques were used to investigate the dynamics of vitellogenin (Vg) mRNA expression and Vg uptake during ovarian maturation in the hepatopancreas and ovary at differing stages of ovarian maturation in both intact and eyestalk ablated female Macrobrachium rosenbergii. In the hepatopancreas of intact animals, Vg(More)
Changes in hemolymph osmolality, ion concentrations, and enzymatic activities of carbonic anhydrase (CA) in the gills and epidermal tissue, and Na/K-ATPase in the gills during the molt cycle were investigated in the white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Hemolymph osmolality was high in the intermolt and early premolt stages, but started to decrease prior to(More)
The dynamics of vitellogenin (Vg) mRNA expression and patterns of Vg and vitellin distribution in the hepatopancreas and ovary of juvenile Macrobrachium rosenbergii were examined using real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemical methods. Eyestalk ablation was seen to induce rapid development of the gonads and Vg synthesis in females. In the female(More)
Ovarian low density lipoproteins (LDL) such as vitellogenin (Vg) are the precursors of the major yolk protein vitellin, and constitute the major source of nutrients serving the developing embryo. The objective of this study was to gain a better understanding of crustacean egg development by focusing on the process of Vg internalization by its receptor(More)
The penaeid prawn, Litopenaeus vannamei, was employed to investigate intracellular isosmotic regulation in situations where invertebrates encounter hyposmosis. Hemolymph osmolality was first analyzed to confirm osmoregulatory conditions in the experimental animals, followed by analysis of amino acids in muscle and hemolymph using high-performance liquid(More)
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