Vidya D Bodempudi

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Mesothelin, a differentiation antigen present in a series of malignancies such as mesothelioma, ovarian, lung and pancreatic cancer, has been studied as a marker for diagnosis and a target for immunotherapy. We, however, were interested in evaluating the effects of direct targeting of Mesothelin on the viability of cancer cells as the first step towards(More)
Ras leads an important signaling pathway that is deregulated in neurofibromatosis type 1 and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST). In this study, we show that overactivation of Ras and many of its downstream effectors occurred in only a fraction of MPNST cell lines. RalA, however, was overactivated in all MPNST cells and tumor samples compared to(More)
Genetic differences in endothelial biology could underlie development of phenotypic heterogeneity among persons afflicted with vascular diseases. We obtained blood outgrowth endothelial cells from 20 subjects with sickle cell anemia (age, 4-19 years) shown to be either at-risk (n=11) or not-at-risk (n=9) for ischemic stroke because of, respectively, having(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by the relentless spread of fibroblasts from scarred alveoli into adjacent alveolar units, resulting in progressive hypoxia and death by asphyxiation. Although hypoxia is a prominent clinical feature of IPF, the role of hypoxia as a driver of the progressive fibrotic nature of the disease has not been(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive disease of the middle aged and elderly with a prevalence of one million persons worldwide. The fibrosis spreads from affected alveoli into contiguous alveoli, creating a reticular network that leads to death by asphyxiation. Lung fibroblasts from patients with IPF have phenotypic hallmarks, distinguishing(More)
Re-engineering the tropism of viruses is an attractive translational strategy for targeting cancer cells. The Ras signal transduction pathway is a central hub for a variety of pro-oncogenic events with a fundamental role in normal and neoplastic physiology. In this work we were interested in linking Ras activation to HSV-1 replication in a direct manner in(More)
Skeletal metastases are a major source of morbidity for cancer patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of megavoltage irradiation and antiangiogenic therapy on metastatic bone cancer. A tumor xenograft model was prepared in C3H/Scid mice using 4T1 murine breast carcinoma cells. Twenty-eight mice bearing tumors were treated with(More)
Angiogenesis and post-natal vasculogenesis are two processes involved in the formation of new vessels, and both are essential for tumour growth and metastases. We isolated endothelial cells from human blood mononuclear cells by selective culture. These blood outgrowth cells expressed endothelial cell markers and responded correctly to functional assays. To(More)
Endothelial cells and endothelial cell precursors encoding a therapeutic gene have induced antitumor responses in preclinical models. Culture of peripheral blood provides a rich supply of autologous, highly proliferative endothelial cells, also referred to as blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs). The aim of this study was to evaluate a novel(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by the relentless expansion of fibroblasts depositing type I collagen within the alveolar wall and obliterating the alveolar airspace. MicroRNA (miR)-29 is a potent regulator of collagen expression. In IPF, miR-29 levels are low, whereas type I collagen expression is high. However, the mechanism for(More)