Victoriano Mulero

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The various cell types involved in fish phagocytic defence have not been properly established because of the morphological heterogeneity of leucocytes and the lack of appropriate cell-surface markers. In this study, we report the production and characterisation of a monoclonal antibody, G7, which specifically recognises gilthead seabream acidophilic(More)
The IFNs and their receptors have existed in early chordates for approximately 500 million years and represent the early elements in innate and adaptive immunity. Both types I and II IFNs have been discovered in fish, and type I has recently been classified into two groups based on their primary protein sequences. However, the biological activities of fish(More)
The tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily is composed by several proteins with similar structure and functions. One of the main representatives of this family is TNF-alpha (TNFalpha), a proinflammatory cytokine which is produced by different immune cells and presents a wide variety of activities. Using the RACE technique, we have cloned and sequenced the(More)
Cell volume regulation is a primitive response to alterations in environmental osmolarity. The NLRP3 inflammasome is a multiprotein complex that senses pathogen- and danger-associated signals. Here, we report that, from fish to mammals, the basic mechanisms of cell swelling and regulatory volume decrease (RVD) are sensed via the NLRP3 inflammasome. We found(More)
Mammalian interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) is a secretory cytokine lacking a signal peptide, which does not follow the classical endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi pathway of secretion. Its post-translational processing by IL-1beta-converting enzyme (ICE) and subsequent release from activated macrophages requires ATP acting on P2X7 receptors. Little information is(More)
TNF-alpha is conserved in all vertebrate classes and has been identified in all taxonomic groups of teleost fish. However, its biological activities and its role in infection are largely unknown. Using two complementary fish models, gilthead seabream and zebrafish, we report here that the main proinflammatory effects of fish TNF-alpha are mediated through(More)
The gilthead seabream IL-1beta gene consists of five exons/four introns. The complete coding sequence contains a 102 bp 5' untranslated region (UTR), a single open reading frame of 762 bp which translates into a 253 amino acid molecule, and a 407 bp 3'UTR with a polyadenylation signal 14 nucleotides upstream of the poly(A)tail. The seabream sequence has the(More)
In this paper we optimize a flow cytometric method for evaluating the phagocytic activity of leucocytes in gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.) and characterize the phagocytic cells observed. Optimal conditions were established for the fluorescein-labelling and analysis of the bacterium Vibrio anguillarum by flow cytometry. Head-kidney leucocytes were(More)
Neutrophils play a pivotal role in the innate immune response. The small cytokine CXCL8 (also known as IL-8) is known to be one of the most potent chemoattractant molecules that, among several other functions, is responsible for guiding neutrophils through the tissue matrix until they reach sites of injury. Unlike mice and rats that lack a CXCL8 homolog,(More)