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Many regulons controlled by alternative sigma factors, including sigma(S) and sigma(32), are poorly induced in cells lacking the alarmone ppGpp. We show that ppGpp is not absolutely required for the activity of sigma(S)-dependent promoters because underproduction of sigma(70), specific mutations in rpoD (rpoD40 and rpoD35), or overproduction of Rsd(More)
Pseudomonas sp. strain CF600 is an efficient degrader of phenol and methylsubstituted phenols. These compounds are degraded by the set of enzymes encoded by the plasmid located dmpoperon. The sequences of all the fifteen structural genes required to encode the nine enzymes of the catabolic pathway have been determined and the corresponding proteins have(More)
The meta-cleavage pathway for catechol is one of the major routes for the microbial degradation of aromatic compounds. Pseudomonas sp. strain CF600 grows efficiently on phenol, cresols, and 3,4-dimethylphenol via a plasmid-encoded multicomponent phenol hydroxylase and a subsequent meta-cleavage pathway. The genes for the entire pathway were previously found(More)
Transcription from the Pseudomonas-derived sigma 54-dependent Po promoter of the dmp operon is mediated by the aromatic-responsive regulator DmpR. However, physiological control is superimposed on this regulatory system causing silencing of the DmpR-mediated transcriptional response in rich media until the transition between exponential and stationary phase(More)
The catabolic plasmid pVI150 of Pseudomonas sp. strain CF600 encodes all the genetic information required for the regulated metabolism of phenol and some of its methyl-substituted derivatives. The structural dmp genes of the pathway are clustered in a single operon that lies just downstream of a -24 TGGC, -12 TTGC nif/ntr-like promoter sequence. Promoters(More)
The dmp operon of the pVI150 catabolic plasmid of Pseudomonas sp. strain CF600 encodes the enzymes involved in the catabolism of phenol and methylphenols. The regulator of this dmp pathway, DmpR, is a member of the NtrC family of transcriptional activators and controls transcription of the dmp operon in response to aromatic effector compounds (V. Shingler,(More)
Deciphering the complex interconnecting bacterial responses to the presence of aromatic compounds is required to gain an integrated understanding of how aromatic catabolic processes function in relation to their genome and environmental context. In addition to the properties of the catabolic enzymes themselves, regulatory responses on at least three(More)
Pseudomonas sp. strain CF600 metabolizes phenol and some of its methylated derivatives via a plasmid-encoded phenol hydroxylase and meta-cleavage pathway. The genes encoding the multicomponent phenol hydroxylase of this strain are located within a 5.5-kb SacI-NruI fragment. We report the nucleotide sequence and the polypeptide products of this 5.5-kb(More)
Phenol hydroxylase from Pseudomonas sp. CF600 is a member of a family of binuclear iron-center-containing multicomponent oxygenases, which catalyzes the conversion of phenol and some of its methyl-substituted derivatives to catechol. In addition to a reductase component which transfers electrons from NADH, optimal turnover of the hydroxylase requires P2, a(More)
Comparatively little is known about directed motility of environmental bacteria to common aromatic pollutants. Here, by expressing different parts of a (methyl)phenol-degradative pathway and the use of specific mutants, we show that taxis of Pseudomonas putida towards (methyl)phenols is dictated by its ability to catabolize the aromatic compound. Thus, in(More)