Victoria S Sarafian

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The membrane surrounding the central vacuole of plant cells contains an H(+)-translocating ATPase (H(+)-ATPase) and an H(+)-translocating inorganic pyrophosphatase (H(+)-PPase). Both enzymes are abundant and ubiquitous in plants but the H(+)-PPase is unusual in its exclusive use of inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) as an energy source. The lack of sequence(More)
The energy-dependent transport of solutes across the vacuolar membrane (tonoplast) of plant cells is driven by two H+ pumps: a vacuolar ("V-type") H(+)-ATPase (EC 3.6.1.3) and a H(+)-translocating (pyrophosphate-energized) inorganic pyrophosphatase (H(+)-PPase; EC 3.6.1.1). The H(+)-PPase, like the V-type H(+)-ATPase, is abundant and ubiquitous in the(More)
Lysosomal-membrane-associated glycoproteins (Lamps) 1 and 2 are rarely found on the plasma membranes of normal cells. There is evidence suggesting an increase in their cell-surface expression in tumor cells, with some data indicating that the adhesion of some cancer cells to the extracellular matrix is partly mediated by interactions between Lamps and(More)
There have been conflicting reports in the literature concerning the polypeptide composition of the vacuolar H(+)-translocating inorganic pyrophosphatase (tonoplast H(+)-PPase) of plant cells. The major subunit(s) of the enzyme have been attributed to polypeptides of relative molecular weight (M(r)) 64,500 (Beta vulgaris), 67,000 (Beta vulgaris), 73,000(More)
An H(+)-translocating inorganic pyrophosphatase (PPase) was isolated and purified from red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) tonoplast. One major polypeptide of molecular weight 67 kilodalton copurified with fluoride-inhibitable PPase activity when subjected to one-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Overall, a 150-fold purification of the PPase was(More)
YKL-40 is a recently discovered human glycoprotein which is related in amino acid sequence to the chitinase protein family, but has no chitinase activity. The present review focuses on the expression and regulation of YKL-40, its clinical significance, detection techniques and outlines the advantages and limitations of its application as a novel biomarker.(More)
Although infantile hemangioma (IH) are the most common tumors of infancy, the mechanism of their proliferation and involution remains vague. Proliferation, differentiation and death of endothelial cells are the basic processes involved in their pathobiology. Here we hypothesize that the glycoconjugates ABH histo-blood group antigens (HBGA) and(More)
The connection between colorectal cancer (CRC) and Wnt signaling pathway activation is well known, but full elucidation of the underlying regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and its biological functions in CRC pathogenesis is still needed. Here, the azoxymethane/dextran sulfate sodium salt (AOM/DSS) murine model has been used as an experimental platform(More)
The lysosomal membrane-associated glycoproteins LAMP-1 and LAMP-2 are the major constituents of lysosomal membranes with still undefined biological functions. As autophagy is an alternative model of programmed cell death in which lysosomes play a crucial role, we hypothesize that LAMPs might participate in this phenomenon in the involuting thymus. Thymic(More)
Lysosome-associated membrane proteins 1 and 2 (LAMP-1 and LAMP-2) are implicated in a variety of normal and pathological processes. LAMP-2 is proposed to participate in chaperone-mediated autophagy.Autophagy regulates T-lymphocyte homeostasis by promoting both survival and proliferation. The biological importance of this process in the thymic gland and(More)