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Single-unit extracellular recordings of spino-parabrachial (spino-PB) neurons (n = 53) antidromically driven from the contralateral parabrachial (PB) area were performed in the lumbar cord in anesthetized rats. All the spino-PB neurons were located in the lamina I of the dorsal horn. Their axons exhibited conduction velocities between 2.8 and 27.8 m/s, in(More)
Cannabinoid 2 (CB2) receptor mediated antinociception and increased levels of spinal CB2 receptor mRNA are reported in neuropathic Sprague-Dawley rats. The aim of this study was to provide functional evidence for a role of peripheral, vs. spinal, CB2 and cannabinoid 1 (CB1) receptors in neuropathic rats. Effects of the CB2 receptor agonist, JWH-133, and the(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) haemodynamic responses was used to study the effects of the noxious substance capsaicin on whole brain activation in isofluorane anaesthetised rats. Rats (n=8) received intradermal injection of capsaicin (30 microg/5 microl), or topical cream (0.1%) capsaicin and BOLD(More)
Recent interest has focused on the potential of cannabinoids as novel analgesics. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a potent cannabinoid agonist, HU210, on somatosensory transmission in a model of neuropathic pain. Here, the effects of spinal versus systemic administration of HU210 on noxious and innocuous evoked responses of(More)
Cannabinoid-based medicines have therapeutic potential for the treatment of pain. Augmentation of levels of endocannabinoids with inhibitors of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is analgesic in models of acute and inflammatory pain states. The aim of this study was to determine whether local inhibition of FAAH alters nociceptive responses of spinal neurons(More)
INTRODUCTION Cannabis-based medicines have a number of therapeutic indications, including anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. The endocannabinoid receptor system, including the cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and receptor 2 (CB2) and the endocannabinoids, are implicated in a wide range of physiological and pathophysiological processes. Pre-clinical and(More)
Cannabinoid1 (CB1) receptors are located at CNS sites, including the spinal cord, involved in somatosensory processing. Analgesia is one of the tetrad of behaviors associated with cannabinoid agonists. Here, effects of a potent cannabinoid CB1 receptor agonist arachidonyl-2-chloroethylamide (ACEA) on evoked responses of dorsal horn neurons in anesthetized(More)
The presence of cannabinoid1 (CB1) receptors on primary afferent fibres may provide a novel target for cannabinoid analgesics. The present study investigated the ability of peripheral CB1 receptors to modulate innocuous and noxious transmission in noninflamed rats and rats with peripheral carrageenan inflammation. Effects of peripheral injection of(More)
BACKGROUND A negative effect of prenatal zinc deficiency on brain function has been well established in experimental animals, but this association in humans is controversial. OBJECTIVE We evaluated the effect of prenatal zinc supplementation on the mental and psychomotor development of 355 children whose mothers participated in a double-blind trial of(More)
Fear-conditioned analgesia is an important survival response mediated by substrates controlling nociception and aversion. Cannabinoid(1) (CB(1)) receptors play an important role in nociception and aversion. However, their role in fear-conditioned analgesia has not been investigated. This study investigated the effects of systemic administration of the CB(1)(More)