Victoria Moncada

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Partially purified extracts of bovine brain were previously found to inhibit competitively the binding of [3H]-diazepam to rat brain synaptosomal membranes. The purines inosine and hypoxanthine were subsequently identified as the compounds responsible for this inhibitory activity. Intracerebroventricular administration of inosine to mice of the C3H/HEN and(More)
BACKGROUND The circulating CD34 count is a reliable predictor of peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) yields in subjects with a vigorous mobilization response to G-CSF, however, the value of this parameter in poor mobilizers is uncharacterized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Consecutive PBPC procedures (n = 81) with preapheresis CD34 counts less than 20 per(More)
The benzodiazepines are potent anticonvulsants for a wide variety of experimental and clinical seizure disorders. The demonstration of saturable, high-affinity and stereospecific binding sites for the benzodiazepines in the mammalian central nervous system suggests the presence of pharmacological receptors mediating the anticonvulsant properties of these(More)
The binding of [3H]diazepam to benzodiazepine receptors was studied in extensively washed membranes of rat cerebral cortex in the presence of the depressant barbiturate, pentobarbital. Pentobarbital, like the endogenous neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), increased the basal binding and also potentiated the GABA-enhanced binding of [3H]diazepam(More)
In some patients with genetic forms of extreme insulin resistance, the cause of insulin resistance is a marked (greater than or equal to 90%) reduction in the number of insulin receptors on the cell surface. In the present work, we describe studies of insulin receptor biosynthesis in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-transformed lymphocytes from three patients (A-1,(More)
In some patients with genetic forms of extreme insulin resistance, there is a marked decrease in the number of insulin receptors on the cell surface. We studied an insulin-resistant patient (RM-1) with the Rabson-Mendenhall syndrome. As judged by insulin-binding studies, Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphocytes from patient RM-1 exhibit a 90% decrease in(More)
An abnormality was detected in the morphology of the cell surface of Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphocytes of patients with genetic forms of insulin resistance. In cells from two patients with leprechaunism and two patients with type A extreme insulin resistance, scanning electron microscopy demonstrated a decrease in the percentage of the cell surface(More)
An in vitro test which discriminates benzodiazepine "agonists' and 'antagonists' has been developed by exploiting the apparent differences in modulation of the benzodiazepine receptor by these classes of compounds. In the presence of 10 microM GABA, the potency of benzodiazepine 'agonists' (i.e., compounds which bind to the benzodiazepine receptor with a(More)
The insulin receptor plays a central role in mediating the biological actions of insulin. We have used Epstein-Barr virus-transformed lymphocytes (EBV-lymphocytes) to investigate the receptor defects in patients with genetic forms of insulin resistance. Within the normal population, we found a close correlation between the number of insulin receptors on the(More)