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CONTEXT Acromegaly is usually due to the excessive secretion of GH by a pituitary adenoma. It is frequently accompanied by comorbidities that compromise quality of life and results in elevated mortality rates. OBJECTIVE To evaluate mortality and morbidity in patients with acromegaly receiving multimodal care. SETTING Tertiary care center. DESIGN,(More)
Background. Nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are the most common benign lesions of the pituitary gland. Objective. To describe our experience with the management of NFPA. Study Design and Methods. Retrospective evaluation of NFPA patients managed between 2008 and 2013. We analyzed data regarding clinical presentation, imaging diagnosis, hormonal(More)
BACKGROUND The definition of biochemical cure in acromegaly involves both the normalization of IGF-1 and a glucose-suppressed GH level of < 1 ng/ml. These criteria were reached by several consensus meetings, although no evidence-based recommendations as to the optimal time to perform biochemical evaluations were made, nor was the fact that several patients(More)
BACKGROUND In the follow-up of patients with well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas (WTC), a thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) >or=30 micro U/mL is generally accepted as adequate to perform whole body scans (WBS), determine thyroglobulin (Tg), and administer radioiodine therapeutically. These patients, inevitably rendered hypothyroid, are traditionally(More)
OBJECTIVE The frequency of activating mutations of the GSPalpha gene as the etiology of GH-secreting pituitary adenomas has been the subject of important ethnogenetic variability. Whereas up to 40% of Caucasian patients with acromegaly have tumors which harbor these somatic mutations, their prevalence among Asian populations is much lower. The correlation(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze clinical-biochemical correlations in newly diagnosed acromegaly, focusing in particular on patients with discrepant parameters. DESIGN Retrospective study. METHODS Data from 164 patients with acromegaly seen between 1995 and 2003. Patients were reviewed for the presence of headaches, arthralgias, hypertension, menstrual(More)
OBJECT According to a recent consensus statement on the treatment of acromegaly, its biochemical cure is defined as the normalization of age- and sex-adjusted insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I levels and the suppression of growth hormone (GH) by glucose to lower than 1 ng/ml. The present study was prompted by the clinical observation that many cases of(More)
Giant prolactinomas (gPRLomas) are rare tumors of the lactotroph defined by an unusually large size (>4 cm) and serum PRL levels >1000 ng/mL. The purpose of this study is to characterize the clinical spectrum of gPRLomas comparing them with non-giant prolactinomas. This is a retrospective study at a large referral center. Data from patients harboring(More)
BACKGROUND Differentiation between the two forms of ACTH-dependent Cushing's syndrome is a challenging task. Although the majority of these cases will be diagnosed as Cushing's disease secondary to an ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma, 10-15% result from the ectopic ACTH secretion syndrome (EAS), which is usually due to neuroendocrine tumors. In the present(More)
Most cases of primary hyperparathyroidism are due to either a parathyroid adenoma or to parathyroid hyperplasia. Parathyroid carcinoma is a very rare cause of hyperparathyroidism. Although the diagnosis of parathyroid carcinoma is usually established based on pathological criteria of vascular and capsular invasion, some clinical and biochemical features(More)