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Acute rewarding properties are essential for the establishment of cocaine addiction, and multiple neurochemical processes participate in this complex behavior. In the present study, we used the self-administration paradigm to evaluate the role of CB1 cannabinoid receptors in several aspects of cocaine reward, including acquisition, maintenance, and(More)
It has been shown previously that the endogenous opioid system may be involved in the behavioral effects of nicotine. In the present study, the participation of endogenous enkephalins on nicotine responses has been investigated by using preproenkephalin knock-out mice. Acute nicotine-induced hypolocomotion remained unaffected in these mice. In contrast,(More)
Self-administration procedures have not yet provided evidence that freely moving mice can reliably acquire and maintain an operant behavior to self-administer cannabinoid agonists. The aim of the present work was to establish a model of cannabinoid operant intravenous self-administration in freely moving mice given the relevance of this species for the use(More)
The involvement of mu-opioid receptors in the rewarding properties of MDMA was explored in mu-opioid receptor knockout mice using the conditioning place preference paradigm. The associated release of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens was investigated by in vivo microdialysis. A significant rewarding effect of MDMA (10 mg/kg, i.p.) was observed in both(More)
Numerous studies have shown the existence of functional links between the endogenous cannabinoid and opioid systems. However, extensive research is still needed to elucidate the biochemical mechanisms involved in this cannabinoid-opioid interaction. Mice lacking mu- (MOR), delta- (DOR) and kappa- (KOR) opioid receptors have been generated and some specific(More)
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