Victoria Makovski

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Galectin-3 (Gal-3) is a pleiotropic beta-galactoside-binding protein expressed at relatively high levels in human neoplasms. Its carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) contains a hydrophobic pocket that can accommodate the farnesyl moiety of K-Ras. Binding of K-Ras to Gal-3 stabilizes K-Ras in its active (GTP-bound) state. Gal-3, which does not interact with(More)
The small GTPase proteins, Ras and Rheb, serve as molecular switches regulating cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Ras also regulates Rheb by inactivating the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), which includes products of the TSC1 and TSC2 genes encoding hamartin (TSC1) and tuberin (TSC2), respectively, and acts as a Rheb-specific(More)
Brain metastases are resistant to chemotherapy and carry a poor prognosis. Studies have shown that tumor cells are surrounded by activated astrocytes, whose cytoprotective properties they exploit for protection from chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. The mechanism of such astrocytic protection is poorly understood. A non-mutational mechanism of resistance to(More)
Mutations in tuberous sclerosis (TSC) genes cause the genetic disorder TSC, as well as other neoplasms, including lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and angiomyolipomas (AMLs). AMLs are benign renal tumors occur both in sporadic LAM and in TSC. As they carry the same mutations, AML cell lines serve as a model for TSC and LAM. Rheb/mammalian target of rapamycin(More)
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