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Alternative products of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP), proteolipid protein (PLP) and DM20, are major components of compact myelin in the central nervous system, but quantitatively minor constituents of Schwann cells. A family with a null allele of PLP has a less severe CNS phenotype than those with other types of PLP mutations. Moreover, individuals(More)
Group recommended a panel of mutations and variants that should be tested to determine carrier status within the CFTR gene as a part of population screening programs. 1,2 This was initially done in response to the recommendations of an NIH CF Consensus Conference that CF carrier screening be considered by all couples for use before conception or prenatally.(More)
The validation and verification of laboratory methods and procedures before their use in clinical testing is essential for providing a safe and useful service to clinicians and patients. This paper outlines the principles of validation and verification in the context of clinical human molecular genetic testing. We describe implementation processes, types of(More)
This article provides nomenclature recommendations developed by an international workgroup to increase transparency and standardization of pharmacogenetic (PGx) result reporting. Presently, sequence variants identified by PGx tests are described using different nomenclature systems. In addition, PGx analysis may detect different sets of variants for each(More)
The purpose of this work is to define rare variants of cystic fibrosis (CF) that are potential sources of error and can confound molecular genetic testing methods. We performed routine, clinical CF mutation screening using a laboratory-developed test and the oligonucleotide ligation assay reagents from Abbott/Celera. In this report, we describe 11 unique(More)
A 23-year-old man with Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease had a novel mutation, C344A (Thr115Lys), in exon 3 of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP) His mother, heterozygous for the mutation, developed progressive personality change and a gait disorder in her mid-20s. Her MRI at age 53 showed a diffuse severe leukodystrophy. This report extends the phenotypic range(More)
PURPOSE We expect that the mutation panel currently recommended for preconception/prenatal CF carrier screening will be modified as new information is learned regarding the phenotype associated with specific mutations and allele frequencies in various populations. One such example is the I148T mutation, originally described as a severe CF mutation. After(More)
This report of the Whole Genome Analysis group of the Association for Molecular Pathology illuminates the opportunities and challenges associated with clinical diagnostic genome sequencing. With the reality of clinical application of next-generation sequencing, technical aspects of molecular testing can be accomplished at greater speed and with higher(More)
Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) has been recognized as a clinical entity for more than a century. It has gradually become apparent that the disorder is a dysmyelination, in distinction to demyelinating conditions such as adrenoleukodystrophy. The failure to deposit myelin is due to decreased production of its chief protein, proteolipid protein (PLP). In(More)
We studied a female infant with clinical signs of Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD), who has a familial mutation (C41-->T) in exon 2 of the proteolipid protein gene (PLP), and selected relatives. While the carrier mother and grandmother of the proposita currently are neurologically normal and show normal T2 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain,(More)