Victoria M Payne

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The neurosteroid pregnenolone and its sulfated derivative enhance learning and memory in rodents. Pregnenolone sulfate also positively modulates NMDA receptors and could thus ameliorate hypothesized NMDA receptor hypofunction in schizophrenia. Furthermore, clozapine increases pregnenolone in rodent hippocampus, possibly contributing to its superior(More)
The neurosteroid allopregnanolone has pronounced neuroprotective actions, increases myelination, and enhances neurogenesis. Evidence suggests that allopregnanolone dysregulation may play a role in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. Our prior data demonstrate that allopregnanolone is reduced in prefrontal(More)
There has been growing interest in the concept of resilience and the question as to whether psychotropic medications or psychosocial treatments might have resilience-enhancing effects. This pilot study investigates resilience in a sample of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) before and after treatment. Effects of treatment with tiagabine,(More)
The Salmonella mutagenicity assay has been used to investigate the mutagenicity of cigarette smoke and cigarette smoke condensate. The Kentucky reference (K1R4F) cigarette is designed to be representative of full-flavor, low-tar cigarettes sold in the U.S. and to serve as a reference standard for comparative studies on the chemistry and biological(More)
Immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and eosinophil counts were measured in 18 former patients with burn injuries attending an outpatient clinic for hypertrophic scarring. In 15 of these 18 former patients with burns, IgG anticollagen antibodies were also measured. Earlier reports in the literature have suggested that a local immune reaction against collagen might(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effectiveness of aripiprazole, an atypical antipsychotic with dopamine- and serotonin-stabilizing properties, as monotherapy in treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD Adult subjects meeting DSM-IV criteria for OCD who were not currently receiving pharmacotherapy for the disorder were entered into an 8-week open-label(More)
26 synthetic and naturally occurring heterocyclic amines were tested in the Salmonella/microsome assay (Ames test) using tester strains TA98 and TA100 in the presence of an Aroclor-induced rat-liver S9 fraction. 9 of the compounds were protein-pyrolysis products which had previously been shown to be mutagenic. Mutagenic potencies similar to previously(More)
OBJECTIVE It is currently unknown whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurosteroid levels are related to brain neurosteroid levels in humans. CSF and brain dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels are elevated in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), but it is unclear whether CSF DHEA levels are correlated with brain DHEA levels within the same subject cohort.(More)
Increased inflammation of the peripheral airways has been implicated as a cause of pulmonary function impairment. However, little information is available on the correlation between subclinical decrements of pulmonary function and inflammation in asymptomatic individuals. A relationship between markers of inflammation and lung function may be useful in(More)