Victoria L. Pearson

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Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) has been proposed as a mediator of several forms of brain damage, including that induced by excitotoxins. In vitro studies suggest that glial cells are the effector cells of IL-1beta-mediated neurodegeneration. We have investigated the expression of IL-1beta protein by glial cells in vivo in response to NMDA receptor-mediated(More)
The effectiveness of increasing levels of valproic acid on cocaine abstinence was evaluated in an open-label trial of 55 subjects. Significantly lower percentages of individuals with valproate serum levels above 50 mcg/ml reported cocaine use and had less positive urinalyses as compared to those with serum levels less than 50 mcg/ml. The total number of(More)
A 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, fixed-dose outpatient study of carbamazepine (400 mg and 800 mg) in the treatment of cocaine dependence was performed. Data were analyzed with respect to both treatment condition and carbamazepine serum levels. Outcome variables included subject retention, cocaine urinalysis, self-reported cocaine(More)
No pharmacological treatment protocol has proven generally useful for all patients who stutter. Various medications, behavior therapy, relaxation, suggestion, and social-based therapies have been used. For this drug treatment study, two groups of adult stutterers were followed in an 8-week open label protocol. All subjects had in the past received speech(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness of phenytoin in the treatment of cocaine abuse. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled outpatient study of phenytoin in the treatment of cocaine abuse was conducted. Sixty cocaine-using subjects were randomly assigned to a daily fixed dose of 300 mg phenytoin or placebo. Forty-four(More)
Various medication therapies have been attempted to assist in detoxification and abstinence maintenance among cocaine users. The safety of these medications in this unique population has not been documented. Carbamazepine, an anticonvulsant being used with this population, is known to cause leukopenia and agranulocytosis in seizure patients. Analysis of(More)
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