Victoria L. Magnuson

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The role of genetics in male sexual orientation was investigated by pedigree and linkage analyses on 114 families of homosexual men. Increased rates of same-sex orientation were found in the maternal uncles and male cousins of these subjects, but not in their fathers or paternal relatives, suggesting the possibility of sex-linked transmission in a portion(More)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a complex disorder encompassing multiple metabolic defects. We report results from an autosomal genome scan for type 2 diabetes-related quantitative traits in 580 Finnish families ascertained for an affected sibling pair and analyzed by the variance components-based quantitative-trait locus (QTL) linkage approach. We analyzed(More)
Linkage disequilibrium (LD) is a proven tool for evaluating population structure and localizing genes for monogenic disorders. LD-based methods may also help localize genes for complex traits. We evaluated marker-marker LD using 43 microsatellite markers spanning chromosome 20 with an average density of 2.3 cM. We studied 837 individuals affected with type(More)
The Applied Biosystems PRISM fluorescence-based genotyping system as well as the Invitrogen TA Cloning vector system are influenced by the tendency of Taq DNA polymerase to add an adenine nucleotide to the 3' end of PCR products after extension. Incomplete addition of adenine to a majority of PCR product strands creates problems in allele-calling during(More)
We are conducting a genome scan at an average resolution of 10 centimorgans (cM) for type 2 diabetes susceptibility genes in 716 affected sib pairs from 477 Finnish families. To date, our best evidence for linkage is on chromosome 20 with potentially separable peaks located on both the long and short arms. The unweighted multipoint maximum logarithm of odds(More)
Three methods of Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) detection: SNaPshot, Pyrosequencing and Biplex Invader, with two different chemistries were investigated to compare, (1) accuracy, (2) ease of use, (3) throughput capability, and (4) cost. We genotyped 192 human DNA samples across 24 SNPs (minor allele frequencies above 30%), of which seven SNPs were(More)
The onset of type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, with as many as half of all cases diagnosed after age 15. Despite this wide distribution in age at diagnosis, most genetic studies focus on cases diagnosed in childhood or during early adulthood. To better understand the genetics of late-onset type 1 diabetes, we collected a Finnish case/control cohort with(More)
  • T Valle, J Tuomilehto, +19 authors M Boehnke
  • Diabetes care
  • 1998
OBJECTIVE To map and identify susceptibility genes for NIDDM and for the intermediate quantitative traits associated with NIDDM. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We describe the methodology and sample of the Finland-United States Investigation of NIDDM Genetics (FUSION) study. The whole genome search approach is being applied in studies of several different(More)
We performed a genome scan at an average resolution of 8 cM in 719 Finnish sib pairs with type 2 diabetes. Our strongest results are for chromosome 20, where we observe a weighted maximum LOD score (MLS) of 2.15 at map position 69.5 cM from pter and secondary weighted LOD-score peaks of 2.04 at 56.5 cM and 1.99 at 17.5 cM. Our next largest MLS is for(More)
Thermostable DNA polymerases can catalyze nontemplated addition of a nucleotide to the 3' end of amplification products. This presents a potential source of error in genotyping studies employing Taq DNA polymerase to amplify microsatellite loci. Although the activity is marker specific, experimental variation is often seen in the degree of modification.(More)