Victoria L. Kowalkowski

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OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS To evaluate the existing level of evidence for tinnitus management strategies identified in the UK Department of Health's Good Practice Guideline. STUDY DESIGN Systematic review of peer-reviewed literature and meta-analyses. METHODS Searches were conducted in PubMed, Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, Web of Science, and EMBASE(More)
Animal models of tinnitus allow us to study the relationship between changes in neural activity and the tinnitus percept. Here, guinea pigs were subjected to unilateral noise trauma and tested behaviourally for tinnitus 8 weeks later. By comparing animals with tinnitus with those without, all of which were noise-exposed, we were able to identify changes(More)
That auditory perceptual training may alleviate tinnitus draws on two observations: (1) tinnitus probably arises from altered activity within the central auditory system following hearing loss and (2) sound-based training can change central auditory activity. Training that provides sound enrichment across hearing loss frequencies has therefore been(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of frequency discrimination training (FDT) for tinnitus used repetitive task-based training programmes relying on extrinsic factors to motivate participation. Studies reported limited improvement in tinnitus symptoms. PURPOSE To evaluate FDT exploiting intrinsic motivations by integrating training with computer-gameplay. (More)
Background: Previous studies of frequency discrimination training (FDT) for tinnitus used repetitive task-based training programmes relying on extrinsic factors to motivate participation. Studies reported limited improvement in tinnitus symptoms. Purpose: To evaluate FDT exploiting intrinsic motivations by integrating training with computer-gameplay.(More)
A significant challenge in tinnitus research lies in explaining how acoustic insult leads to tinnitus in some individuals, but not others. One possibility is genetic variability in the expression and function of neuromodulators - components of neural signaling that alter the balance of excitation and inhibition in neural circuits. An example is nitric oxide(More)
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