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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the gonadal hormones on the opioid receptor protein levels of Freund's adjuvant-treated (arthritic) male and female Lewis rats. Following a paw pressure nociception assay, the midbrain and spinal cord tissues were collected for comparison of mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptor protein levels. The(More)
Recent studies in our laboratory have shown that in mice, low doses of morphine in combination with Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) have a similar antinociceptive effect to high doses of morphine alone. After short-term administration of this combination, there is no behavioral tolerance to the opioid. Previous binding studies and Western(More)
Cannabinoid CB(2) receptors have been implicated in antinociception in animal models of both acute and chronic pain. We evaluated the role both cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2) receptors in mechanonociception in non-arthritic and arthritic rats. The antinociceptive effect of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)THC) was determined in rats following(More)
Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (delta9-THC) synergizes with morphine and codeine by releasing endogenous opioids. These studies determined 1) the duration of enhancement of morphine and codeine by delta9-THC, 2) the effect of (delta9-THC on the time course of fully efficacious doses of the opioids, 3) restoration of efficacy of morphine and codeine by(More)
Voltage-gated L- and N-type calcium channels (VOCs) are implicated in the activity of morphine, but their contribution to the expression of opioid tolerance remains uncertain. L- and N-type VOCs are heteropentamers of alpha(1), alpha(2)delta, beta, and gamma subunits. The alpha(1) subunit forms both the ion pore and the binding site for ligands. The(More)
We have shown in past isobolographic studies that a small amount of Δ 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ 9-THC) can enhance morphine antinociception in mice. However, previous studies of the Δ 9-THC/morphine interaction were performed using normal mice or rats and evaluated acute thermal antinociception. Less is known about cannabinoid and opioid interactions(More)
Lack of involvement of the opioid system with the endocannabinoid, arachidonylethanolamide (anandamide) was possibly due to hydrolysis by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Cyclohexylcarbamic acid 3'-carbamoyl-biphenyl-3-yl ester (URB597) is an inhibitor of FAAH, increases brain anandamide levels and enhances anandamide-induced antinociception in male ICR(More)
The analgesic and anti-hyperalgesic effects of cannabinoid- and vanilloid-like compounds, plus the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor Cyclohexylcarbamic acid 3'-carbamoyl-biphenyl-3-yl ester (URB597), and acetaminophen, were evaluated in the phenyl-p-quinone (PPQ) pain model, using different routes of administration in combination with opioid and(More)
We have previously demonstrated synergy between morphine and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) in the expression of antinociception in acute pain models and in arthritic models of chronic pain. Our data has been extended to include acute pain in both diabetic mice and rats. In diabetic mice, Delta(9)-THC p.o. was more active in the tail-flick(More)
We have shown in past isobolographic studies that a small amount of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)-THC) can enhance morphine antinociception in mice. However, previous studies of the Delta(9)-THC/morphine interaction were performed using normal mice or rats and evaluated acute thermal antinociception. Less is known about cannabinoid and opioid(More)
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