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BACKGROUND Loading leads to tendon adaptation but the influence of load-intensity and contraction type is unclear. Clinicians need to be aware of the type and intensity of loading required for tendon adaptation when prescribing exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of contraction type and load-intensity on patellar tendon(More)
BACKGROUND Long-sleep (LS) and short-sleep (SS) mice, initially selected for differential sensitivity to ethanol, also exhibit differential sensitivity to propofol. By interbreeding LS and SS mice to obtain progeny whose chromosomes are a patchwork of the LS and SS chromosomes, the authors determined whether differential propofol sensitivity cosegregates(More)
Long- and Short-Sleep (LS and SS) mice were selectively bred for differences in ethanol-induced loss of the righting reflex (LORR) and have been found to differ in LORR induced by various anesthetic agents. We used a two-stage mapping strategy to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting duration of LORR caused by the general anesthetic etomidate(More)
DNA, isolated from age-synchronous senescent populations of Caenorhabditis elegans has been quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed for the presence of 5-methylcytosine. High performance liquid chromatography on two wild-type and several mutant strains of C. elegans failed to detect any 5-methylcytosine. The restriction endonuclease isoschizomers, HpaII(More)
The sensitivities to three DNA damaging agents (UV and gamma-radiation, methyl methanesulfonate) were measured in four recombinant inbred (RI) strains of Caenorhabditis elegans with mean life spans ranging from 13 to 30.9 days, as well as in the wild-type strains used to derive these RI's. Sensitivities at several stages in the developmental cycle were(More)
BACKGROUND Studies using the long-sleep (LS) X short-sleep (SS) (LSXSS) recombinant inbred mice and inbred long-sleep (ILS) by inbred short-sleep (ISS) intercrosses have found genetic linkage between Tyr albinism (c/c) and differential sensitivity to sedative-hypnotic doses of ethanol and general anesthetics. This linkage could be due to a gene or genes(More)
We report differential central nervous system (CNS) sensitivity to propofol between Long Sleep (LS) and Short Sleep (SS) mice, selectively bred for their differential CNS sensitivity to ethanol. Intravenous propofol requirements for loss of righting reflex, or sleep time, were measured to define the extent of this sensitivity. LS mice slept approximately(More)
Short-Sleep (SS) and Long-Sleep (LS) mice differ in initial sensitivity to ethanol. Ethanol acts as an antagonist at N-methyl D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs). Therefore, we tested whether SS and LS mice also differ in initial sensitivity to NMDAR antagonists. Systemic injection (intraperitoneal) of either the noncompetitive NMDAR antagonist MK-801(More)
The aims of this study were (i) to map the extent of all mental health placements in the independent sector, for adults of working age, and elderly people (excluding those with a diagnosis of dementia placed in Local Authority care homes), on a census date, across the areas in which the study was commissioned; (ii) to identify the characteristics of the(More)
This chapter reviews the use of genetic models in the study of anesthetic drug action. Genetic model systems provide a novel approach to understanding mechanisms of anesthetic drug action. Many models have been derived using selection processes that emphasize differential drug sensitivity, producing animal lines that differ in their CNS drug response.(More)