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OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of HIV and associated sociodemographic factors including mobility and migration in a rural population in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS A household-based HIV serosurvey of a population that has been under longitudinal demographic surveillance since 2000. All residents (women aged 15-49 years; men aged 15-54(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of adult death on household dissolution and migration. DESIGN Demographic surveillance of the population in a rural area of northern KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. METHODS Data on households resident in the surveillance area on 1 January 2000 were used to examine the effect of adult mortality and household risk factors(More)
This paper examines the way gender shaped the health behaviours, health care experiences and narratives of HIV-positive men initiating antiretroviral treatment in South Africa. We conducted participant observation and in-depth, semi-structured interviews with eight men enrolled in a public HIV treatment programme in a rural health district in KwaZulu-Natal.(More)
How did the study come about? The health and demography of the South African population has been undergoing substantial changes as a result of the rapidly progressing HIV epidemic. Researchers at the University of KwaZulu-Natal and the South African Medical Research Council established The Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies in 1997 funded by a(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify factors associated with sexual debut and early age at first sex (AFS) among young men and women (12-25 years) in a population with a high prevalence and incidence of HIV in rural South Africa. METHODS Longitudinal data from four rounds (2003-7) of a prospective population-based HIV and sexual behaviour survey in rural KwaZulu-Natal(More)
We assess depression rates and investigate whether depression among HIV-infected adults receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART) is associated with social support and HIV coping strategies in rural South Africa (SA). The study took place in a decentralised public-sector ART programme in a poor, rural area of KwaZulu-Natal, SA, with high-HIV prevalence and(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the contribution that AIDS makes to adult mortality in rural South Africa. DESIGN Demographic surveillance of the population in a rural area of northern KwaZulu Natal province. METHODS The population and all adult deaths (n = 1021) in 2000 were enumerated. We conducted verbal autopsy interviews with the caregivers of those who died(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop indices to quantitatively assess and understand the spatial usage patterns of health facilities in the Hlabisa district of South Africa. METHODOLOGY We mapped and interviewed more than 23 000 homesteads (approximately 200 000 people) in Hlabisa district, South Africa and spatially analysed their modal primary health usage patterns(More)
Households experience HIV and AIDS in a complex and changing set of environments. These include health and welfare treatment and support services, HIV-related stigma and discrimination, and individual and household social and economic circumstances. This paper documents the experiences of 12 households directly affected by HIV and AIDS in rural KwaZulu(More)