Victoria H. Cowling

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The Myc family proteins are potent oncogenes that can activate and repress a very large number of cellular target genes. The amino terminus of Myc contains a transactivation domain that can recruit a number of nuclear cofactors with diverse activities. Functional studies link transactivation to the ability of Myc to promote normal cell proliferation and for(More)
BACKGROUND The MYC oncogene contributes to induction and growth of many cancers but the full spectrum of the MYC transcriptional response remains unclear. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Using microarrays, we conducted a detailed kinetic study of genes that respond to MYCN or MYCNDeltaMBII induction in primary human fibroblasts. In parallel, we determined(More)
Myc is a transcription factor which is dependent on its DNA binding domain for transcriptional regulation of target genes. Here, we report the surprising finding that Myc mutants devoid of direct DNA binding activity and Myc target gene regulation can rescue a substantial fraction of the growth defect in myc(-/-) fibroblasts. Expression of the Myc(More)
c-Myc oncoprotein is overexpressed in a significant proportion of human epithelial cancers, and experimental overexpression of c-Myc in epithelial cells promotes tumour formation. However, it is not known how c-Myc promotes epithelial cell tumour formation. We report that c-Myc expression in human mammary epithelial cells induces a dramatic change in cell(More)
Methylation of the mRNA 5' guanosine cap is essential for efficient gene expression. The 5' methyl cap binds to eIF4E, which is the first step in the recruitment of mRNA to the 40S ribosomal subunit. To investigate whether mRNA cap methylation is regulated in a gene-specific manner, we established a method to detect the relative level of cap methylation on(More)
Cap-dependent mRNA translation requires the methylation of the mRNA guanosine cap by RNA guanine-7-methyltransferase (RNMT). mRNA cap methylation was recently described to be rate-limiting for a subset of mRNAs, and to be enhanced by expression of c-Myc and E2F1, although the biological significance of this finding was not investigated. Here, it is reported(More)
The 7mG (7-methylguanosine cap) formed on mRNA is fundamental to eukaryotic gene expression. Protein complexes recruited to 7mG mediate key processing events throughout the lifetime of the transcript. One of the most important mediators of 7mG functions is CBC (cap-binding complex). CBC has a key role in several gene expression mechanisms, including(More)
Myc controls the metabolic reprogramming that supports effector T cell differentiation. The expression of Myc is regulated by the T cell antigen receptor (TCR) and pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-2 (IL-2). We now show that the TCR is a digital switch for Myc mRNA and protein expression that allows the strength of the antigen stimulus to(More)
c-myc is frequently amplified in breast cancer; however, the mechanism of myc-induced mammary epithelial cell transformation has not been defined. We show that c-Myc induces a profound morphological transformation in human mammary epithelial cells and anchorage-independent growth. c-Myc suppresses the Wnt inhibitors DKK1 and SFRP1, and derepression of DKK1(More)
The c-Myc proto-oncogene promotes mRNA cap methylation, which is essential for almost all mRNA translation. The mRNA cap methylation reaction produces an inhibitory byproduct, S-adenosyl homocysteine. Here we report that Myc promotes upregulation of S-adenosyl homocysteine hydrolase (SAHH), an enzyme which hydrolyzes S-adenosyl homocysteine, thus(More)