Victoria F. Norwood

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The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors Flt-1 and Flk-1 in the rat kidney was examined during ontogeny using Northern blot analysis and immunocytochemistry. In prevascular embryonic kidneys (embryonic day 14 [E14]), immunoreactive Flt-1 and Flk-1 were observed in isolated angioblasts, whereas VEGF was not detected.(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic ablation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) resulted in cystic renal dysplasia and early death in adult mice. The ontologic development of the renal pathology and the biochemical and physiological abnormalities associated with the dysplasia are unknown. METHODS Mice homozygous for a targeted deletion of COX-2 (-/-) were compared with wild-type(More)
To determine whether low oxygen is a stimulus for endothelial cell differentiation and vascular development in the kidney, we examined the effect of low oxygen on rat metanephric organ culture, a model known to recapitulate nephrogenesis in the absence of vessels. After 6 days in culture in standard (20% O2) or low oxygen (1-3% O2) conditions, metanephric(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to analyze the experience with peritoneal dialysis (PD) at a high-volume, single center institution that supports a rural population. METHODS From 2000 to 2010, 88 children (median age: 1.98 years, [range: 2 days-20.2 years]) received 134 PD catheters for the management of acute and chronic renal failure. The primary(More)
Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) in the neonate increases ipsilateral renal renin gene expression, an effect which is mediated by renal nerves. To determine whether neonatal UUO alters the number of renal cortical cells secreting renin and whether this change is modulated by renal nerve activity, newborn Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to left UUO,(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II) and its receptors, AT1 and AT2, may modulate kidney development. To define the temporal and spatial distribution of AT1 and AT2 receptors and their mRNAs during nephrogenesis, fetal, newborn, and adult rat kidneys were studied using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and radioligand binding autoradiography. AT1(More)
Molecular, cellular, and physiological studies indicate that the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is highly expressed during early kidney development. We propose that a major function of the RAS during early embryonic development is the modulation of growth processes that lead the primitive kidney into a properly differentiated and architecturally organized(More)
A previously healthy toddler developed severe acute renal failure with nephromegaly and peripheral atypical lymphocytosis. Profound interstitial nephritis with acute tubular necrosis was diagnosed by renal biopsy, and both the clinical picture and serological evaluation suggested Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) as the etiological agent. The previous reports of(More)
All the components of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are highly expressed in the developing kidney in a unique spatial and temporal pattern that is associated with nephrogenesis, vascularization, and the proper architectural and functional development of this organ. Pharmacological inhibition of the RAS results in structural and functional developmental(More)
Background:Low birth weight is associated with deficits in nephron number in the infant kidney and increased risk of adulthood hypertension and renal dysfunction. Urinary biomarkers may be potential indicators of renal reserve, but little is known about the influence of gestational and postnatal age on the expression of urinary proteins. The aims of this(More)