Victoria E. Cotton

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Linear chromosomes are stabilized by telomeres, but the presence of short dysfunctional telomeres triggers cellular senescence in human somatic tissues, thus contributing to ageing. Approximately 1% of the population inherits a chromosomally integrated copy of human herpesvirus 6 (CI-HHV-6), but the consequences of integration for the virus and for the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Mismatch repair proteins play important roles during meiotic recombination in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae and most eukaryotic organisms studied to date. To study the functions of the mismatch repair protein Mlh2p in meiosis, we constructed mlh2Delta strains and measured rates of crossing over, gene conversion, post-meiotic(More)
PRDM9 plays a key role in specifying meiotic recombination hotspot locations in humans and mice via recognition of hotspot sequence motifs by a variable tandem-repeat zinc finger domain in the protein. We now explore germ-line instability of this domain in humans. We show that repeat turnover is driven by mitotic and meiotic mutation pathways, the latter(More)
Exo1 is a member of the Rad2 protein family and possesses both 5'-3' exonuclease and 5' flap endonuclease activities. In addition to performing a variety of functions during mitotic growth, Exo1 is also important for the production of crossovers during meiosis. However, its precise molecular role has remained ambiguous and several models have been proposed(More)
Mlh1p forms three heterodimers that are important for mismatch repair (Mlh1p/Pms1p), crossing over during meiosis (Mlh1p/Mlh3p), and channeling crossover events into a specific pathway (Mlh1p/Mlh2p). All four proteins contain highly conserved ATPase domains and Pms1p has endonuclease activity. Studies of the functional requirements for Mlh1p/Pms1p in(More)
One of the most important principles of scientific endeavour is that the results be reproducible from lab to lab. Although research groups rarely redo the published experiments of their colleagues, research plans almost always rely on the work of someone else. The assumption is that if the same experiment were repeated in another lab, results would be so(More)
Approximately 10% of all cancers, but a higher proportion of sarcomas, use the recombination-based alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT) to maintain telomeres. Two RecQ helicase genes, BLM and WRN, play important roles in homologous recombination repair and they have been implicated in telomeric recombination activity, but their precise roles in ALT(More)
The genomes of human herpesvirus 6A (HHV-6A) and HHV-6B have the capacity to integrate into telomeres, the essential capping structures of chromosomes that play roles in cancer and ageing. About 1% of people worldwide are carriers of chromosomally integrated HHV-6 (ciHHV-6), which is inherited as a genetic trait. Understanding the consequences of(More)
Linear chromosomes are stabilized by telomeres, but the presence of short dysfunctional telomeres triggers cellular senescence in human somatic tissues, thus contributing to ageing. Approximately 1% of the population inherits a chromosomally integrated copy of human herpesvirus 6 (CI-HHV6), but the consequences of integration for the virus and for the(More)
Primary effusion lymphomas (PEL) are associated with human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) and usually occur in immunocompromised individuals. However, there are numerous reports of HHV-8-unrelated PEL-like lymphomas with unknown aetiology. Here we characterize an HHV-8-unrelated PEL-like lymphoma in an elderly woman who was negative for human immunodeficiency(More)