Victoria Cano

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Obesity and high-fat (HF) diets have a deleterious impact on hippocampal function and lead to impaired synaptic plasticity and learning deficits. Because all of these processes need an adequate glutamatergic transmission, we have hypothesized that nutritional imbalance triggered by these diets might eventually concern glutamate (Glu) neural pathways within(More)
Nontypable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a Gram-negative, non-capsulated human bacterial pathogen, a major cause of a repertoire of respiratory infections, and intimately associated with persistent lung bacterial colonization in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite its medical relevance, relatively little is known(More)
Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) plays a paracrine role in regulating vascular tone. We hypothesize that PVAT undergoes adaptative mechanisms during initial steps of diet-induced obesity (DIO) which contribute to preserve vascular function. Four-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were assigned either to a control [low-fat (LF); 10% kcal from fat] or to a(More)
In the presence of 3-amino-l-tyrosine (3-AT), abundant brown pigment forms in human HL-60 cells, but not in a variety of other cell lines, which are reported to be lower in mean myeloperoxidase (MPO) content than HL-60. Cells were assessed for peroxidase activity with an ABTS-based colorimetric assay and compared to values obtained with known amounts of(More)
Recent studies provide evidence that high-fat diets (HF) trigger both i) a deficit of reward responses linked to a decrease of mesolimbic dopaminergic activity, and ii) a disorganization of circadian feeding behavior that switch from a structured meal-based schedule to a continuous snacking, even during periods normally devoted to rest. This feeding pattern(More)
The objective of this work was to characterize the adaptation of cardiac metabolism to a lipid overload in a model of diet-induced obesity (DIO) in mice. After 8 wk dietary treatment, mice receiving a high-fat diet exhibited an increase in the amount of adipose tissue, accompanied by a surge in plasma leptin concentration (from 5.4-16.0 ng/ml). This was(More)
It has been suggested that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance triggered by energy-dense diets can account for hippocampal damage and deficits of cognitive behaviour. We wonder if the impairment of learning and memory processes detected in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice is linked to diet composition itself. With this purpose we have evaluated learning(More)
Leptin is an adipocyte-derived hormone which stimulates β-oxidation in peripheral tissues and prevents steatosis. Because leptin production naturally increases during adult life, we have hypothesized that leptin receptors might undergo a physiological and gradual desensitization during ageing. Therefore we have characterized in three- five- and ten-month(More)
Activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis by fasting seems to involve cholecystokinin (CCK) receptors. This work aims to characterize the role of endogenous CCK in the activity of the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus during food withdrawal. We investigated, by c-Fos immunohistochemistry, the effect of CCK1 and CCK2 receptor(More)
Non-typable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is a common commensal of the human nasopharynx, but causes opportunistic infection when the respiratory tract is compromised by infection or disease. The ability of NTHi to invade epithelial cells has been described, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly characterized. We previously determined that NTHi(More)