Victoria Barker

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BACKGROUND Impulsivity is a core feature of borderline personality disorder (BPD) and is most frequently measured using self-rating scales. There is a need to find objective, valid and reliable measures of impulsivity. This study aimed to examine performance of participants with BPD compared with healthy controls on delay and probabilistic discounting tasks(More)
Computational brain-imaging studies of individuals at familial high risk for psychosis have provided interesting results, but interpreting these findings can be a challenge due to a number of factors. We searched the literature for studies reporting whole brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) or functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) findings in people(More)
There is now a well-established link between childhood maltreatment and psychosis. It is, however, unclear what the mechanisms are by which this occurs. Here, we propose a pathway linking the experience of childhood maltreatment with biological changes in the brain and suggest a psychological intervention to ameliorate its effects.
Many sympathetic and sensory neurons depend on a supply of nerve growth factor (NGF) from their targets during development, and neurons that fail to obtain sufficient NGF die by apoptosis. Here we show that tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) is involved in bringing about the death of NGF-deprived neurons. Function-blocking antibodies against either TNFα or(More)
The accuracy of diagnosis in 656 patients with the four common histopathological types of primary lung cancer has been assessed by comparing the cell type diagnosis made on cytological and histological investigation with that determined by examination of the surgically resected or necroscopy specimen. The accuracy of diagnosis achieved by cytological(More)
Percutaneous needle biopsies were performed on 683 patients with solitary pulmonary nodules during 1976-84. A cytological diagnosis of malignancy was made from the first biopsy in 473 patients (69%). A second biopsy was performed in 43 patients, a diagnosis of malignancy being made in a further 16 cases (37%). Histological material was available for(More)
BACKGROUND People with BPD have been shown in some studies to have structural deficits in regions of the prefrontal cortex. A sensitive test of prefrontal cortex function is the intra-dimensional/extra-dimensional (IDED) set shifting task. This study sought to examine whether people with BPD demonstrate impaired performances on extra-dimensional shift (EDS)(More)
BACKGROUND There is an established link between childhood adversity (CA) and schizophrenia. Hippocampus and amygdala abnormalities pre-date onset in those at high familial risk (fHR) of schizophrenia, but it is not clear whether these alterations are associated with CA in those at elevated risk of schizophrenia. METHODS We examined hippocampal and(More)
BACKGROUND There is now a well-established link between childhood adversity (CA) and schizophrenia. Similar structural abnormalities to those found in schizophrenia including alterations in grey-matter volume have also been shown in those who experience CA. METHOD We examined whether global estimates of cortical thickness or surface area were altered in(More)
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