Victoria Allen Sharma

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Use of Env in HIV vaccine development has been disappointing. Here we show that, in the presence of a biologically active Tat subunit vaccine, a trimeric Env protein prevents in monkeys virus spread from the portal of entry to regional lymph nodes. This appears to be due to specific interactions between Tat and Env spikes that form a novel virus entry(More)
We previously reported that an envelope (Env) glycoprotein immunogen (o-gp140DeltaV2SF162) containing a partial deletion in the second variable loop (V2) derived from the R5-tropic HIV-1 isolate SF162 partially protected vaccinated rhesus macaques against pathogenic SHIV(SF162P4) virus. Extending our studies to subtype C isolate TV1, we have purified(More)
Background HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein (Env) is the primary target for inducing neutralizing antibodies against the virus Env yet only a small fraction of antibodies elicited are directed against conserved epitopes. Thus, the antibodies produced during infection ad vaccination (to date) have been limited in their ability to neutralize heterologous primary(More)
HIV envelope glycoprotein (Env) is the target for inducing neutralizing antibodies. Env is present on the virus surface as a trimer, and, upon binding to CD4, a cascade of events leads to structural rearrangement exposing the co-receptor binding site and entry into the CD4+ host target cells. We have designed monomeric and trimeric Env constructs with and(More)
BACKGROUND Proteins form specific associations, but predictive rules for protein pairing are generally unknown. Here, we describe amino-acid sequence patterns capable of mediating specific pairing of a widespread protein motif: the parallel, dimeric, alpha-helical coiled coil. The pairing rules were tested by designing a 54-residue peptide (anti-APCp1) that(More)
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