Victoria Akre

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Clinical ethics committees have recently been established in nearly all Norwegian hospital trusts. One important task for these committees is clinical ethics consultations. This qualitative study explores significant barriers confronting the ethics committees in providing such consultation services. The interviews with the committees indicate that there is(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical ethics consultation services have been established in many countries during recent decades. An important task is to discuss concrete clinical cases. However, empirical research observing what is happening during such deliberations is scarce. OBJECTIVES To explore clinical ethics committees' deliberations and to identify areas for(More)
BACKGROUND On the basis of results from a focus group interview showing that the specialist training in radiology was considered unsatisfactory, we performed a questionnaire survey among residents attending specialist training in Norwegian x-ray departments. MATERIAL AND METHODS A questionnaire on background and working and study conditions was mailed to(More)
In this article we explore how physicians develop professional knowledge in their everyday work. 20 indepth interviews with physicians working in the surgical and internal medicine departments of a Norwegian hospital were conducted in 1994. Explanatory models from situated learning theory were applied to analyse the taped interview material. The(More)
This survey is based on a questionnaire sent to all 517 interns in Norway in December 1990, of whom 93% replied. Ten interns were interviewed personally. The majority felt they received a good theoretical basis during their medical studies, but less than a third stated that the education had adequate vocational orientation. Students from the University of(More)
Clinical ethics committees have existed in Norway since 1996. By now all hospital trusts have one. An evaluation of these committees' work was started in 2004. This paper presents results from an interview study of eight clinicians who evaluated six committees' deliberations on 10 clinical cases. The study indicates that the clinicians found the clinical(More)
In 1993, 9,226 practising physicians in Norway received extensive questionnaires about their health, working and living conditions. In this article we compare municipality employed community physicians (n = 972), general practitioners in private practice (n = 869), and hospital physicians (n = 3,160) with regard to demographic variables and their experience(More)
Open and supportive communication is probably one of the most important promotors of learning, coping and satisfaction at the workplace. The aim of this paper is to describe and predict the communication atmosphere between Norwegian physicians. Twenty statements describing communication, as perceived by the physicians themselves, were presented to a random(More)
The basic medical education in Norway ends with one year as house physician or surgeon and six months as assistant to general practitioner. This internship is an important period in the course of education leading to a medical degree. According to a new national standard issued in 1989 all interns should have a personal supervisor and a formal curriculum(More)
It is generally agreed that a positive and cooperative atmosphere between nurses and doctors is of vital importance to the quality of medical services in hospitals. In this study 1,278 Norwegian hospital doctors were asked how they perceived the working atmosphere between doctors and nurses. 75% replied that the doctors-nurse relationship was characterized(More)