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Members of the Protein 4.1 superfamily have highly conserved FERM domains that link cell surface glycoproteins to the actin cytoskeleton. Within this large and constantly expanding superfamily, at least five subgroups have been proposed. Two of these subgroups, the ERM and prototypic Protein 4.1 molecules, include proteins that function as tumor(More)
PURPOSE We determined the frequency of mTOR/p70S6 kinase signaling pathway activation in clear cell renal cell carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Phospho-S6 (Ser235/236) and phospho-mTOR (Ser2448) staining was performed on renal tumor tissue microarrays containing 29 clear cell renal cell carcinomas. Mutational analysis of Rheb and RhebL1 was performed on(More)
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is an often fatal disease primarily affecting young women in which tuberin (TSC2)-null cells metastasize to the lungs. The mechanisms underlying the striking female predominance of LAM are unknown. We report here that 17-beta-estradiol (E(2)) causes a 3- to 5-fold increase in pulmonary metastases in male and female mice,(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a tumor suppressor gene syndrome in which severe renal cystic disease can occur. Many renal cystic diseases, including autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), are associated with absence or dysfunction of the primary cilium. We report here that hamartin (TSC1) localizes to the basal body of the primary(More)
We have recently shown that there was a developmental increase in placental trophoblast vascular endothelial growth/permeability factor (VEG/PF) expression and vascularization that closely paralleled maternal serum estrogen levels during advancing baboon gestation. The present study determined whether estrogen regulates these important aspects of primate(More)
Meningiomas are common central nervous system tumors; however, the mechanisms underlying their pathogenesis are largely undefined. In this report, we demonstrate that a third Protein 4.1 family member, Protein 4.1R, functions as a meningioma tumor suppressor. We observed loss of Protein 4.1R expression in two meningioma cell lines (IOMM-Lee, CH157-MN) by(More)
Meningiomas are common central nervous system tumors; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying their pathogenesis are largely undefined. Previous work has implicated Protein 4.1B as an important tumor suppressor involved in the development of these neoplasms. In this report, we demonstrate that the U2 domain is necessary and sufficient for the ability(More)
The Protein 4.1 family contains at least two members that function as tumour suppressors, the neurofibromatosis 2 gene product merlin and the recently identified differentially expressed in adenocarcinoma of the lung (DAL-1)/Protein 4.1B molecule. DAL-1/Protein 4.1B loss is observed in a variety of tumours, including breast and lung cancers as well as(More)
DAL-1 (differentially expressed in adenocarcinoma of the lung)/4.1B is a tumor suppressor gene on human chromosome 18p11.3 whose expression is lost in >50% of primary non-small-cell lung carcinomas. Based on sequence similarity, DAL-1/4.1B has been assigned to the Protein 4.1 superfamily whose members interact with plasma membrane proteins through their(More)
Meningiomas are common central nervous system tumors; however, the mechanisms underlying their pathogenesis are largely unknown. Collaborative studies from our laboratory demonstrated a direct association of 14-3-3 with the meningioma tumor suppressor Protein 4.1B, which was not observed with other members of the Protein 4.1 family, including the NF2(More)