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Traditionally, proteins have been viewed as a construct based on elements of secondary structure and their arrangement in three-dimensional space. In a departure from this perspective we show that protein structures can be modelled as network systems that exhibit small-world, single-scale, and to some degree, scale-free properties. The phenomenological(More)
The small heat shock protein alphaB-crystallin (alphaB) contributes to cellular protection against stress. For decades, high-resolution structural studies on oligomeric alphaB have been confounded by its polydisperse nature. Here, we present a structural basis of oligomer assembly and activation of the chaperone using solid-state NMR and small-angle X-ray(More)
Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins accelerate GTP hydrolysis by Galpha subunits and thus facilitate termination of signaling initiated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). RGS proteins hold great promise as disease intervention points, given their signature role as negative regulators of GPCRs-receptors to which the largest fraction of(More)
TSG-6 is a multifunctional protein that is up-regulated in many pathological and physiological contexts, where it plays important roles in inflammation and tissue remodelling. For example, it is a potent inhibitor of neutrophil migration and can modulate the protease network through inhibition of plasmin. TSG-6 binds a wide range of GAGs(More)
Endosomes and endosomal vesicles (EVs) rapidly move along cytoskeletal filaments allowing them to exchange proteins and lipids between different endosomal compartments, lysosomes, the trans-Golgi network (TGN), and the plasma membrane. The precise mechanisms that connect membrane traffic between the TGN and perinuclear endosomal compartments with(More)
A polymorphism in complement factor H has recently been associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of blindness in the elderly. A histidine rather than a tyrosine at residue position 384 in the mature protein increases the risk of AMD. Here, using a recombinant construct, we show that amino acid 384 is adjacent to a(More)
In recent years, solid-state magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MAS NMR) has been growing into an important technique to study the structure of membrane proteins, amyloid fibrils and other protein preparations which do not form crystals or are insoluble. Currently, a key bottleneck is the assignment process due to the absence of(More)
Rv2140c is one of many conserved Mycobacterium tuberculosis proteins for which no molecular function has been identified. We have determined a high-resolution crystal structure of the Rv2140c gene product, which reveals a dimeric complex that shares strong structural homology with the phosphatidylethanolamine-binding family of proteins. Rv2140c forms(More)
Magic-angle spinning (MAS) solid-state NMR becomes an increasingly important tool for the determination of structures of membrane proteins and amyloid fibrils. Extensive deuteration of the protein allows multidimensional experiments with exceptionally high sensitivity and resolution to be obtained. Here we present an experimental strategy to measure highly(More)