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UNLABELLED Sequence-directed mapping of nucleosome positions is of major biological interest. Here, we present a web-interface for estimation of the affinity of the histone core to DNA and prediction of nucleosome arrangement on a given sequence. Our approach is based on assessment of the energy cost of imposing the deformations required to wrap DNA around(More)
Molecular mechanisms of bacterial chromosome packaging are still unclear, as bacteria lack nucleosomes or other apparent basic elements of DNA compaction. Among the factors facilitating DNA condensation may be a propensity of the DNA molecule for folding due to its intrinsic curvature. As suggested previously, the sequence correlations in genome reflect(More)
BACKGROUND The p53 tumor suppressor protein is involved in a complicated regulatory network, mediating expression of ~1000 human genes. Recent studies have shown that many p53 in vivo binding sites (BSs) reside in transposable repeats. The relationship between these BSs and functional p53 response elements (REs) remains unknown, however. We sought to(More)
Information readout in the DNA minor groove is accompanied by substantial DNA deformations, such as sugar switching between the two conformational domains, B-like C2'-endo and A-like C3'-endo. The effect of sugar puckering on the sequence-dependent protein-DNA interactions has not been studied systematically, however. Here, we analyzed the structural role(More)
Linker histones (LHs) bind to the DNA entry/exit points of nucleosomes and demonstrate preference for AT-rich DNA, although the recognized sequence patterns remain unknown. These patterns are expected to be more pronounced in metazoan nucleosomes with abundant LHs, compared to yeast nucleosomes with few LHs. To test this hypothesis, we compared the(More)
Nucleosomes often undergo extensive rearrangement when genes are activated for transcription. We have shown previously, using paired-end sequencing of yeast nucleosomes, that major changes in chromatin structure occur when genes are activated by 3-aminotriazole (3AT), an inducer of the transcriptional activator Gcn4. Here, we provide a global analysis of(More)
The tumor suppressor protein p53 exhibits high affinity to the response elements regulating cell cycle arrest genes (CCA-sites), but relatively low affinity to the sites associated with apoptosis (Apo-sites). This in vivo tendency cannot be explained solely by the p53-DNA binding constants measured in vitro. Since p53 can bind nucleosomal DNA, we sought to(More)
Several cellular processes involve alignment of three nucleic acids strands, in which the third strand (DNA or RNA) is identical and in a parallel orientation to one of the DNA duplex strands. Earlier, using 2-aminopurine as a fluorescent reporter base, we demonstrated that a self-folding oligonucleotide forms a recombination-like structure consistent with(More)
Nucleosome positioning is critical for gene expression and of major biological interest. The high cost of experimentally mapping nucleosomal arrangement signifies the need for computational approaches to predict nucleosome positions at high resolution. Here, we present a web-based application to fulfill this need by implementing two models, YR and W/S(More)
UNLABELLED Repeated extragenic palindromes (REPs) in the enterobacterial genomes are usually composed of individual palindromic units separated by linker sequences. A total of 355 annotated REPs are distributed along the Escherichia coli genome. RNA sequence (RNAseq) analysis showed that almost 80% of the REPs in E. coli are transcribed. The DNA sequence of(More)