Learn More
The deformability of double helical DNA is critical for its packaging in the cell, recognition by other molecules, and transient opening during biochemically important processes. Here, a complete set of sequence-dependent empirical energy functions suitable for describing such behavior is extracted from the fluctuations and correlations of structural(More)
The observed sequence dependence of the mean twist angles in 38 B-DNA crystal structures can be understood in terms of simple geometrical features of the constituent base-pairs. Structures with low twist appear to unwind in response to severe steric clashes of large exocyclic groups (such as NH2-NH2) in the major and minor grooves, while those with high(More)
How eukaryotic genomes encode the folding of DNA into nucleosomes and how this intrinsic organization of chromatin guides biological function are questions of wide interest. The physical basis of nucleosome positioning lies in the sequence-dependent propensity of DNA to adopt the tightly bent configuration imposed by the binding of the histone proteins.(More)
To determine whether the spacer region between the -35 and -10 elements plays any sequence-specific role, we randomized the GC-rich sequence ((-20)CCGGCTCG(-13)) within the spacer region of the cAMP-dependent lac promoter and selected an activator-independent mutant, which showed extraordinarily high intrinsic activity. The hyperactive promoter is obtained(More)
Molecular mechanisms of bacterial chromosome packaging are still unclear, as bacteria lack nucleosomes or other apparent basic elements of DNA compaction. Among the factors facilitating DNA condensation may be a propensity of the DNA molecule for folding due to its intrinsic curvature. As suggested previously, the sequence correlations in genome reflect(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor plays critical roles in diverse cellular responses such as cell cycle arrest, senescence, and apoptosis through transcriptional control of its target genes. Identification and characterization of new p53 target genes will advance our understanding of how p53 exerts its multiple regulatory functions. In this article, we show that(More)
Parallel DNA triplexes considered to be putative intermediates in homologous recombination, are studied by means of theoretical conformational analysis. These triplexes are denoted as the R-form DNA. Two types of triplexes are analyzed: extended R-form DNA, modeling the triple standard structure, created transiently in the presence of recombination proteins(More)
Several cellular processes involve alignment of three nucleic acids strands, in which the third strand (DNA or RNA) is identical and in a parallel orientation to one of the DNA duplex strands. Earlier, using 2-aminopurine as a fluorescent reporter base, we demonstrated that a self-folding oligonucleotide forms a recombination-like structure consistent with(More)
Computer-simulated elongation and compression of A - and B -DNA structures beyond the range of thermal fluctuations provide new insights into high energy "activated" forms of DNA implicated in biochemical processes, such as recombination and transcription. All-atom potential energy studies of regular poly(dG).poly(dC) and poly(dA).poly(dT) double helices,(More)
UNLABELLED Sequence-directed mapping of nucleosome positions is of major biological interest. Here, we present a web-interface for estimation of the affinity of the histone core to DNA and prediction of nucleosome arrangement on a given sequence. Our approach is based on assessment of the energy cost of imposing the deformations required to wrap DNA around(More)