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UNLABELLED Sequence-directed mapping of nucleosome positions is of major biological interest. Here, we present a web-interface for estimation of the affinity of the histone core to DNA and prediction of nucleosome arrangement on a given sequence. Our approach is based on assessment of the energy cost of imposing the deformations required to wrap DNA around(More)
A 10.5-base periodicity found earlier is inherent in both eu- and prokaryotic coding nucleotide sequences. In the case of noncoding eukaryotic sequences no periodicity is found, so the 10.5-base oscillation seemingly does not correlate with the nucleosomal organization of DNA. It is shown that the DNA fragments, coding the alpha-helical protein segments,(More)
The parallel (recombination) 'R-triplex' can accommodate any nucleotide sequence with the two identical DNA strands in parallel orientation. We have studied oligonucleotides able to fold back into such a recombination-like structure. We show that the fluorescent base analogs 2-aminopurine (2AP) and 6-methylisoxanthopterin (6MI) can be used as structural(More)
Molecular mechanisms of bacterial chromosome packaging are still unclear, as bacteria lack nucleosomes or other apparent basic elements of DNA compaction. Among the factors facilitating DNA condensation may be a propensity of the DNA molecule for folding due to its intrinsic curvature. As suggested previously, the sequence correlations in genome reflect(More)
BACKGROUND The p53 tumor suppressor protein is involved in a complicated regulatory network, mediating expression of ~1000 human genes. Recent studies have shown that many p53 in vivo binding sites (BSs) reside in transposable repeats. The relationship between these BSs and functional p53 response elements (REs) remains unknown, however. We sought to(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor plays critical roles in diverse cellular responses such as cell cycle arrest, senescence, and apoptosis through transcriptional control of its target genes. Identification and characterization of new p53 target genes will advance our understanding of how p53 exerts its multiple regulatory functions. In this article, we show that(More)
Information readout in the DNA minor groove is accompanied by substantial DNA deformations, such as sugar switching between the two conformational domains, B-like C2'-endo and A-like C3'-endo. The effect of sugar puckering on the sequence-dependent protein-DNA interactions has not been studied systematically, however. Here, we analyzed the structural role(More)
Linker histones (LHs) bind to the DNA entry/exit points of nucleosomes and demonstrate preference for AT-rich DNA, although the recognized sequence patterns remain unknown. These patterns are expected to be more pronounced in metazoan nucleosomes with abundant LHs, compared to yeast nucleosomes with few LHs. To test this hypothesis, we compared the(More)
Nucleosomes often undergo extensive rearrangement when genes are activated for transcription. We have shown previously, using paired-end sequencing of yeast nucleosomes, that major changes in chromatin structure occur when genes are activated by 3-aminotriazole (3AT), an inducer of the transcriptional activator Gcn4. Here, we provide a global analysis of(More)
High resolution chemical footprinting and cross-linking experiments have provided a basis for elucidating the overall architecture of the complex between the core DNA binding domain of p53 (p53DBD, amino acids 98-309) and the p21/waf1/cip1 DNA response element implicated in the G1/S phase cell cycle checkpoint. These studies complement both a crystal(More)