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An optical scheme for speckle suppression using two or three partially coherent beams in a projection system is proposed. Diffractive optical elements (DOE) placed in the intermediate image plane create several beams carrying the image to a screen. Transparent plates of different thicknesses are placed in the Fourier plane of the projective lens and used(More)
The theory of speckle noise in a scanning beam is presented. The general formulas for the calculation of speckle contrast, which apply to any scanning display, are obtained. It is shown that the main requirement for successful speckle suppression in a scanning display is a narrow autocorrelation peak and low sidelobe level in the autocorrelation function of(More)
The quasi-spiral 2D diffractive optical element (DOE) based on M-sequence of length N=15 is designed and manufactured. The speckle suppression efficiency by the DOE rotation is measured. The speckle suppression coefficients of 10.5, 6, and 4 are obtained for green, violet, and red laser beams, respectively. The results of numerical simulation and(More)
Aberration and defocusing effects in the mechanism of speckle suppression in laser projection displays were studied using the Fresnel approximation and the thin lens model. The analysis was performed with the assumption that aberrations change only the phase (and not the amplitude) in the rear principal plane of the display projection system. The analysis(More)
A method of line-defect calibration for line-scanning projection display is developed to accomplish acceptable display uniformity. The line scanning display uses a line modulating imaging and scanning device to construct a two-dimensional image. The inherent line-defects in an imaging device and optical lenses are the most fatal performance-degrading factor(More)
A pyramid-type microstrip probe (PTMP) with metal tips is proposed for scanning near-field microscopes to obtain high spatial resolution of a few nanometers and high optical efficiency. Properties of an ordinary PTMP and the PTMP with a single metal tip are investigated by using a rigorous finite-integral technique simulation (MICROWAVE STUDIO package) and(More)
The mathematical model of a speckle-suppression method based on two Barker code-type diffractive optical elements (DOEs) moving in orthogonal directions is developed. The analytic formulae for speckle suppression efficiency are obtained. The model indicates that the one pair of DOEs can be used for laser beams of different colors. The speckle contrast is(More)
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