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The effects of chronic estrogen treatment on radial arm maze performance and on levels of central monoaminergic and amino acid neurotransmitters were examined in ovariectomized (Ovx) rats. In an eight arms baited paradigm, choice accuracy was enhanced following 12 days but not 3 days of treatment. In addition, performance during acquisition of the eight(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were purified from basement membranes isolated from glomeruli of control and streptozocin-induced diabetic rats and were quantitatively analyzed with a recently described competitive binding assay that is specific for and sensitive to microgram amounts of chondroitin and heparan sulfate. Total GAG content in glomeruli from diabetic(More)
The pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy is incompletely understood, but increased nonenzymatic glycation of proteins is considered an important contributory factor. Glycated albumin, which is increased in diabetic sera and is preferentially transported into the renal glomerulus, induces an increase in Type IV collagen production and a decrease in(More)
Accelerated protein glycation in diabetes has been mechanistically linked to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. Because glycated albumin induces abnormalities in cultured mesangial cells that resemble those characterizing the glomerular mesangium in diabetes, and monoclonal antibodies (A717) specific for Amadori-modified glycated albumin prevent(More)
Glomerular basement membrane (GBM) was labeled in vivo by the injection of tracer amounts of tritiated proline into normal and streptozotocin-diabetic rats. Basement membrane biosynthesis and turnover were determined from the specific activities of proline and hydroxyproline in samples purified following osmotic lysis of glomeruli isolated 4 h to 12 days(More)
Albumin modified by Amadori glucose adducts (glycated albumin) selectively binds to glomerular mesangial cells and triggers signal transduction processes that modulate cellular function. To identify glycated albumin binding proteins, we applied membrane extracts prepared from murine mesangial cells to a column of lysine-Sepharose followed by application to(More)
In this study we examined the effect of experimental diabetes and of treatment with an aldose reductase inhibitor on the level of sulfation of glomerular basement membrane (GBM) heparan sulfate, the principal glycosaminoglycan in this extracellular matrix. Glycosaminoglycans were isolated from GBM purified from control, streptozocin-induced diabetic, and(More)
Albumin modified by Amadori glucose adducts, formed in increased amounts in diabetes, stimulates the synthesis of matrix by renal glomerular mesangial cells and has been causally linked to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. However, the effect of glycated albumin on the biology of glomerular endothelial cells, which elaborate a basement membrane that(More)