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A three-year cohort of extremely low-birthweight (ELBW, less than 1000g) survivors born between 1st January 1979 and 31st December 1981 were followed prospectively at one, two and five years of age, corrected for preterm birth. 57 of 110 infants survived, and 53 children were still alive at five years. The diagnoses of cerebral palsy, blindness, deafness(More)
It has been suggested that because of vascular interchange between the monozygous twins vascular disruptions from a deceased cotwin with disseminated intravascular coagulation causes embolisation in the surviving twin. This study reports six cases in which all the surviving monozygous twins had central nervous system infarcts and three had multiple organ(More)
Developmental changes in regional cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses to hemorrhagic hypotension during normoxia and normocapnia were determined using radioactively labeled microspheres to measure flow to the cortex, brainstem, cerebellum, white matter, caudate nucleus, and choroid plexus in three groups of chronically catheterized lambs: 90- to 100-d(More)
OBJECTIVE Phyto-oestrogens are plant compounds with both oestrogenic and anti-oestrogenic properties. However, it is not known whether natural phyto-oestrogens are beneficial or harmful in human osteoporosis. This study was performed to investigate the relationships between urinary phyto-oestrogens and bone mineral density (BMD) in Korean postmenopausal(More)
  • V Y H Yu
  • 2002
The present review examines the role of dietary nucleotides in infants, and the scientific rationale and benefits of nucleotide supplementation of infant formula. The immunoprotective benefits of human milk, the biology of human milk nucleotides, and the immunological and gastrointestinal effects of dietary nucleotides in animal studies and in vitro(More)
The 5-year outcome of 101 extremely low birthweight (ELBW, < 1000 g) children discharged from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit was reported. Over this period, there were four post-discharge deaths. The neurodevelopmental impairment rate was 18% overall: cerebral palsy 7%, blindness 3%, deafness 3% and developmental delay 10%. Seventy-one percent of children(More)
This prospective study documents the incidence, clinical features and risk factors for post-haemorrhagic hydrocephalus (PHH) as well as the short-term outcome after serial CSF taps. Serial real-time ultrasound scans were performed on 220 infants: on all admissions less than or equal to 1250 g and on an additional 130 infants with birthweights greater than(More)
Twenty-four (6%) of 375 infants with birthweights less than or equal to 1500g developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD); 16 (15%) of 107 in those less than or equal to 100g and 8 (3%) of 268 in those greater than 1000g. The incidence was 10% in those who required assisted ventilation. Perinatal asphyxia, significant respiratory distress, pulmonary(More)
The pattern of lesser but continuing morbidity in the first 2 years was reported in 36 survivors who weighed 500-799 g at birth and in 83 survivors who weighed 800-999 g at birth. Over this period, there was one post-discharge death. Sixty-one percent of children were rehospitalized, most commonly for respiratory tract disorders and surgical procedures such(More)