Victor William Armstrong

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It has been supposed that central nervous neurons do not express MHC class I molecules. However, recent studies clearly demonstrated functional MHC class I expression in the rodent brain. In the present study, we have extended these studies and investigated the presence of MHC class I transcripts and proteins in the brain of a non-human primate species, the(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to identify adverse effects of the atypical neuroleptic clozapine on liver function and lipid metabolism. METHODS Data which included serum levels of clozapine and its hepatic metabolite N-desmethyl clozapine were collected from medical records of patients treated with clozapine and controls. RESULTS We identified a(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the distribution of apolipoprotein E (Apo E) phenotypes between patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) and control subjects. SETTING University hospital, base of the German National CJD Surveillance Study. DESIGN Prospective case-control study. SUBJECTS Sixty-two patients with definite or probable CJD, 90 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies in humans and animal models of obesity have shown increased adipose tissue activity of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11beta-HSD1), which amplifies local tissue glucocorticoid concentrations. The reasons for this 11beta-HSD1 dysregulation are unknown. Here, we tested whether 11beta-HSD1 expression, like the metabolic(More)
Human plasminogen has been shown to interact with the abnormal disease-specific prion protein. Till now, no data are available for patients with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Therefore, we compared plasminogen concentrations and plasminogen activities in patients with sporadic CJD and controls with other dementia, which were collected in the framework of(More)
The presence of apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4 allele is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and associated with a more pronounced reduction of amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ1-42) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Because a decrease of Aβ1-42 and increase of tau protein levels, both important biomarkers for AD, are also reported in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD),(More)
We analyzed the ApoE genotype in patients with genetic prion diseases (gPD) with respect to family history (FH) of dementia/prion disease (PD) compared to non-demented controls. Fifty-nine gPD patients and 51 sex-/age-matched controls were included. A positive FH of dementia and PD (PFH) were evaluated. The prion protein gene (PRNP) codon 129 and ApoE(More)
BACKGROUND The common marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus), a small non-endangered New World primate native to eastern Brazil, is becoming increasingly used as a non-human primate model in biomedical research, drug development and safety assessment. In contrast to the growing interest for the marmoset as an animal model, the molecular tools for genetic(More)
BACKGROUND Haplotyping is an important technique in molecular diagnostics because haplotypes are often more predictive for individual phenotypes than are the underlying single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Until recently, methods for haplotyping SNPs separated by kilobase distances were laborious and not applicable to high-throughput screening. In the(More)
BACKGROUND N-acetylcysteine (NAC) has been shown to improve splanchnic blood flow in experimental studies. This report evaluates the effects of NAC on liver perfusion and lactate signal intensities in the liver tissue of septic shock patients using proton magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy. Furthermore, the monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) test was(More)