Victor Tkachev

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The redox-sensitive signaling system Keap1/Nrf2/ARE plays a key role in maintenance of cellular homeostasis under stress, inflammatory, carcinogenic, and proapoptotic conditions, which allows us to consider it as a pharmacological target. Here we review the basic regulatory mechanisms of the Keap1/Nrf2/ARE system, key targets for pharmacological(More)
Activated T cells require increased energy to proliferate and mediate effector functions, but the metabolic changes that occur in T cells following stimulation in vivo are poorly understood, particularly in the context of inflammation. We have previously shown that T cells activated during graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) primarily rely on oxidative(More)
  • Dawn K Reichenbach, Vincent Schwarze, +24 authors Bruce R Blazar
  • 2015
Interleukin (IL)-33 binding to the receptor suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) produces pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory effects. Increased levels of soluble ST2 (sST2) are a biomarker for steroid-refractory graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and mortality. However, whether sST2 has a role as an immune modulator or only as a biomarker during GVHD was(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the role of free-radical and oxidative stress signaling in granuloma maturation and resolution. We aimed to study the activity of free-radical oxidation processes in the dynamics of BCG-induced generalized granulomatosis in mice. METHODS Chronic granulomatous inflammation was induced in male BALB/c mice by intravenously(More)
BACKGROUND The discovery of RNA interference phenomenon (RNAi) and understanding of its mechanisms has revolutionized our views on many molecular processes in the living cell. Among the other, RNAi is involved in silencing of transposable elements and in inhibition of virus infection in various eukaryotic organisms. Recent experimental studies demonstrate(More)
We studied the intensity of free radical oxidation in the liver and activity of oxidative metabolism in mouse peritoneal exudate phagocytes at the early stages of chronic generalized BCG-induced granulomatosis (days 3 and 30 after a single intraperitoneal or intravenous administration of 0.5 mg of BCG vaccine). It was found that both methods of injection(More)
The effects of hydrophilic synthetic antioxidant TC-13 sodium (3’-(3’-tert-butyl-4’-hydroxyphenyl) propylthiosulfonate on survival of various strains of Drosophila melanogaster were studied under conditions of oxidative stress induced with H2O2 and paraquat. In a concentration of 1%, TC-13 signifi cantly improved survival of Canton S males treated with H2O2(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of the synthetic water-soluble phenolic antioxidant TS-13 (sodium 3-(4′-methoxyphenyl)propyl thiosulfonate), an inducer of the redox-dependent Keap1/Nrf2/ARE signaling system, in experimental models of acute and chronic inflammation. Acute local inflammation was induced by intraplantar carrageenan injection(More)
The protective effect of water-soluble TS-13 monophenol inducing the antioxidant-responsive element (ARE) system was studied on the models of acute inflammation. Intragastric administration of TS-13 to rats significantly reduced the severity of acute aseptic inflammation induced by intravenous injection of zymosan particles: granulocyte blood count and(More)
We studied ROS production by HaCaT keratinocytes, the state of transmembrane mitochondrial potential, and activation of transcription factor Nrf2 in response to brine exposure. It was demonstrated that this exposure induces rapid but moderate decrease in mitochondrial potential, stimulates ROS production, and leads to activation of transcription factor Nrf2.