Victor Skita

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Thermal and lyotropic phase behavior was studied by X-ray diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry for a diether phosphonolipid analog (DEPN-8) of the major lung surfactant glycerophospholipid dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC). DEPN-8 differs in an ether, rather than an ester, bond at the acyl chain-backbone linkage and a headgroup phosphonate(More)
Time-resolved x-ray diffraction studies of the isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) membrane have provided the difference electron density profile for the SR membrane for which the Ca2+ ATPase is transiently trapped exclusively in the first phosphorylated intermediate state, E1 approximately P, in absence of detectable enzyme turnover vs. that before(More)
The "membrane bilayer" pathway (Rhodes, D. G., J. G. Sarmiento, and L. G. Herbette. 1985. Mol. Pharmacol. 27:612-623.) for 1,4-dihydropyridine calcium channel drug (DHP) binding to receptor sites in cardiac sarcolemmal membranes has been extended to include the interaction of amphiphiles within the lipid bilayer. These studies focused on the ability of the(More)
X-ray and neutron diffraction studies of oriented multilayers of a highly purified fraction of isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) have previously provided the separate profile structures of the lipid bilayer and the Ca2+-ATPase molecule within the membrane profile to approximately 10-A resolution. These studies used biosynthetically deuterated SR(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) carries two binding sites for snake venom neurotoxins. alpha-Bungarotoxin from the Southeast Asian banded krait, Bungarus multicinctus, is a long neurotoxin which competitively blocks the nAChR at the acetylcholine binding sites in a relatively irreversible manner. Low angle x-ray diffraction was used to generate(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to correlate changes in the neutral lipids of pulmonary surfactant with previously observed changes in surfactant phospholipids and lung compliance in the rat model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) obtained at 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 30 and 120 days after transtracheal instillation of(More)
Elastic neutron scattering experiments have been used to study the hydration of multibilayers of 1,2-bis(10,12-tricosadiynoyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DC8,9PC). Previously published FTIR spectroscopic data had suggested, based on shifts in the carbonyl (C = O) stretch frequencies, that the phosphocholine headgroup in these polymerizable lipid bilayers(More)
Small angle x-ray scattering has been used to investigate the structure of synaptoneurosomal (SNM) membranes from rat cerebral cortex. Electron micrographs of the preparation showed SNM with classical synaptic appositions intact, other vesicles, occasional mitochondria, and some myelin. An immunoassay for myelin basic protein placed the myelin content of(More)
2014 X-ray scattering results from Langmuir-Blodgett thin films demonstrate that the surface monolayer at the multilayer-air interface is disordered and that ordering of the surface monolayer can be induced by the deposition of an additional monolayer. The data was analysed by a novel refinement technique which does not assume a centrosymmetric structure or(More)