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Eight rats were subjected to total sleep deprivation, paradoxical sleep deprivation, or high amplitude sleep deprivation until they showed major deprivation-induced changes. Then they were allowed to sleep ad lib. Three rats that had shown the largest temperature declines died within two to six recovery days. During the first 15 days of ad lib sleep,(More)
The 24-hour pattern of plasma cortisol concentration in four patients on the day before major elective surgery was compared with that of five similarly hospitalized control subjects to study the effect of the expectation of surgery on the secretion pattern. Using an indwelling venous catheter, which extended outside the patient's room, to collect blood(More)
The effects of GH replacement on body fat composition and insulin sensitivity were assessed in GH-deficient adults. The patients were randomized into a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of human recombinant GH replacement therapy for 6 months (period 1), followed by an open phase of GH for another 6 months (period 2). Anthropometric variables, body fat(More)
In vivo and in vitro experiments were designed to assess the effect of testosterone on aldosterone secretion in male rats. Orchidectomized rats were injected subcutaneously with oil or testosterone propionate ([TP] 2 mg/kg) for 7 days. Intact rats were injected with oil only. The results indicate that the plasma aldosterone level was higher in(More)
We evaluated the ACTH and cortisol responses to several doses of exogenous ACTH, and compared these values to the physiologic responses obtained in normal subjects undergoing insulin-induced hypoglycaemia. We determined that a cosyntrophin dose of 0.2 micrograms/kg body weight produced both ACTH and cortisol levels indistinguishable from the 'physiologic'(More)
Five men with chronic renal failure and symptoms suggestive to androgen deficiency were treated with clomiphene citrate (Clomid) at a dose of 100 mg/day for a period of 5 to 12 months. The treatment resulted uniformly in increased libido, sexual potency, and a general sense of well-being. Circulating testosterone rose from mean basal value of 223 +/- 164 to(More)
Adrenal responsiveness to Cosyntropin (synthetic ACTH) was investigated in five patients with major depression and five individually matched normal subjects. Three hours following suppression of endogenous ACTH secretion with dexamethasone (1 mg orally), the adrenal response to a 10-min infusion of Cosyntropin (0.05 micrograms/kg body weight) was monitored(More)
The responses of serum prolactin (PRL) and growth hormone (GH) to the dopamine agonist apomorphine hydrochloride (0.75 mg subcutaneously) were studied in a large group of unmedicated hospitalized patients with functional psychoses. There were no differences in the GH response in various diagnostic groups. The PRL response was greater in patients with(More)
Unlike neuroleptic drugs, the effect of antidepressant drugs on the neuroendocrine axis in man is highly variable and may or may not be intimately related to their antidepressant action. However, the limited neuroendocrine data available does shed some light on the mechanism of action of these agents and raises some important questions, particularly about(More)