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Bacillus subtilis is the best-characterized member of the Gram-positive bacteria. Its genome of 4,214,810 base pairs comprises 4,100 protein-coding genes. Of these protein-coding genes, 53% are represented once, while a quarter of the genome corresponds to several gene families that have been greatly expanded by gene duplication, the largest family(More)
The Bacillus subtilis 168 csn gene encodes a chitosanase. It was found that transcription of the csn gene was temporally regulated and was not subject to metabolic repression. Chitosanase synthesis was abolished in a csn mutant strain. Csn was overproduced in B. subtilis, partially purified and characterized. The deduced amino acid sequence, K(m), and(More)
A 0.972-kilobase pair DNA fragment from Streptomyces lividans that induces the production of the blue-pigmented antibiotic actinorhodine in S. lividans when cloned on a multicopy plasmid has led to the isolation of a 4-kilobase pair DNA fragment from Streptomyces coelicolor containing homologous sequence. Computer-assisted analysis of the DNA sequence(More)
Four adjacent genes (sipW, sipX, sipY and sipZ) encoding different type I signal peptidases, were isolated on a 7860 bp DNA fragment from Streptomyces lividans TK21. Three of the sip genes constitute an operon and the fourth is the first gene of another operon encompassing three additional, unrelated genes. A DNA fragment containing the four sip genes(More)
The bioleaching of metal sulfide has developed into a very important industrial process and understanding the microbial dynamic is key to advancing commercial bioleaching operations. Here we report the first quantitative description of the dynamic of active communities in an industrial bioleaching heap. Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans was the most abundant(More)
In this work we investigated the correlations between global gene expression patterns and environmental parameters in natural ecosystems. We studied the preferential gene expression of the iron oxidizer bacterium Leptospirillum ferrooxidans to adapt its physiology to changes in the physicochemical parameters in its natural medium. Transcriptome analysis by(More)
Extreme acidic environments are characterized by their high metal content and lack of nutrients (oligotrophy). Macroscopic biofilms and filaments usually grow on the water-air interface or under the stream attached to solid substrates (streamers). In the Río Tinto (Spain), brown filaments develop under the water stream where the Gram-negative iron-oxidizing(More)
Hypersaline environments harbour the highest number of virus-like particles reported for planktonic systems. However, very little is known about the genomic diversity of these virus assemblages since most of the knowledge on halophages is based on the analysis of a few isolates infecting strains of hyperhalophilic Archaea that may not be representatives of(More)
A 170bp long BamHI-Sau3A DNA fragment from the actIII-actI intergenic region of the actinorhodin (Act) biosynthetic gene cluster of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) contains two promoters directing transcription in a divergent manner. One of them, the actIII promoter, is responsible for the transcription of the actIII gene and the other controls transcription(More)
A random genomic library from an environmental isolate of the Gram-negative bacterium Leptospirillum ferrooxidans has been printed on a microarray. Gene expression analysis was carried out with total RNA extracted from L. ferrooxidans cultures in the presence or absence of ammonium as nitrogen source under aerobic conditions. Although practically nothing is(More)