Victor N Pashkov

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A homogenous protein of 120,000 mol. wt isolated from black widow spider (Lactrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus) venom and referred to as alpha-latroinsectotoxin was highly potent (4 nM) in the induction of an increase of the frequency of miniature excitatory postsynaptic potentials in blowfly (Calliphora vicina) larvae neuromuscular preparations. In the(More)
We have studied [14C]GABA release from synaptosomes induced by native and monoclonal antibodies-modified alpha-latrotoxin (LTX). Modification of LTX eliminates the toxin's ability to increase [Ca2+]i influx into synaptosomes. It has been shown that native LTX does not change 22Na influx into rat brain synaptosomes. Both toxin forms studied, native and(More)
BACKGROUND Heterotrimeric G protein signaling in liver helps maintain carbohydrate and lipid homeostasis. G protein signaling is activated by binding of extracellular ligands to G protein coupled receptors and inhibited inside cells by regulators of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins. RGS proteins are GTPase activating proteins, and thereby regulate Gi(More)
Single-channel currents produced by alpha-latrotoxin from the black widow spider venom were recorded on Xenopus oocytes injected with rat brain messenger RNA fraction of 7-8 kb. Single-channel conductance varied from 3 pS to 200 pS and sublevels of similar conductance were observed at both normal and high external concentration of Ca2+. Currents reversed at(More)
A panel of monoclonal antibodies has been produced against alpha-latrotoxin using black widow spider venom. Five of them were characterized relative to their affinity for alpha-latrotoxin and ability to modify the main toxin effects--to increase calcium permeability of synaptosomes, to stimulate the neurotransmitter release and to form the ion channels in(More)
alpha-Latrotoxin, the major toxin of black widow spider venom, was suggested to bind to the specific receptor on the membrane of presynaptic cells and to activate a nonselective cation channel. The aim of this investigation was to express the receptor to alpha-latrotoxin in the membrane of Xenopus laevis oocytes. Responses to alpha-latrotoxin were studied(More)
UNLABELLED Intravenous and volatile general anesthetics inhibit norepinephrine (NE) release from sympathetic neurons and other neurosecretory cells. However, the actions of general anesthetics on NE release from central nervous system (CNS) neurons are unclear. We investigated the effects of representative IV and volatile anesthetics on [(3)H]NE release(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States, and is projected to be second by 2025. It has the worst survival rate among all major cancers. Two pressing needs for extending life expectancy of affected individuals are the development of new approaches to identify improved therapeutics,(More)
BACKGROUND General anesthetics inhibit evoked release of classic neurotransmitters. However, their actions on neuropeptide release in the central nervous system have not been well characterized. METHODS The effects of representative intravenous and volatile anesthetics were studied on the release of sulfated cholecystokinin 8 (CCK8s), a representative(More)