Victor Marino

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The origin of cells in the mature periodontium, and the location of their progenitors, are still unknown. It is also unknown whether inflammation influences the number and distribution of these cells within the periodontium. Molecules such as STRO-1, CD146 and CD44 have been identified on a variety of mesenchymal stem cells. The aim(More)
The pharmacological properties of (+)-(S)-5,5-dimethylmorpholinyl-2-acetic acid (Sch 50911) were evaluated on GABA(B) receptors in rat neocortical slices. The GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, produced a concentration-dependent depression of the frequency of spontaneous discharges in slices maintained in Mg2+-free Krebs medium with an EC50 of 6 microM,(More)
Immunotherapy with interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) may induce depressive symptoms, anxiety and major depression when administered for at least 1-3 months at a dose of 3-10 MUI daily, twice or three times a week. Previously, it has been shown that immunotherapy with interleukin-2 (IL-2) significantly induces the cytokine network, as measured by increases in(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been considered as a potential therapy for the treatment of periodontal defects arising from periodontitis. However, issues surrounding their accessibility and proliferation in culture significantly limit their ability to be used as a mainstream treatment approach. It is therefore important that alternative, easily(More)
Using grease-gap recording from rat neocortical slices, the GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen elicited reversible and concentration-dependent hyperpolarizing responses (EC50=18+/-2.3 microM). The hyperpolarizations were antagonised by the GABA(B) receptor antagonist Sch 50911 [(+)-(S)-5,5-dimethylmorpholinyl-2-acetic acid).(More)
Prostaglandins may influence cyclo-oxygenase (COX-2) and nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity, thus interfering with ischemia-induced neurotoxic processes. The prostaglandin synthetic derivative, latanoprost was tested in different in vivo and in vitro models of neuronal damage in order to study its influence on these processes. Ischemia was induced in rats(More)
OBJECTIVE Histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) is highly expressed in the synovium of RA patients. Thus we aimed to investigate a novel HDAC inhibitor (HDACi), NW-21, designed to target HDAC1. The effect of NW-21 on osteoclast formation and activity, cytokine and chemokine expression in vitro and arthritis in mice was assessed. METHODS The effects on human(More)
Incisor pulp from the rabbit metabolises exogenous noradrenaline in concentrations between 0.12 and 1.2 μmol/l mainly to NMN. Effects of chronic sympathetic denervation indicated that in incisor pulp the NMN is extraneuronal in origin, and that DOPEG and DOMA formation, as well as a major part of the noradrenaline which accumulates in the tissue, are(More)
We have shown that treatment with interleukin-2 (IL-2) or interferon-alpha (IFN alpha) may induce depressive symptoms and activation of the cytokine network and that IL-2 treatment may diminish serum dipeptidyl pepdidase IV (DPP IV) activity. DPP IV (EC 3.4.14.5) is a membrane bound serine protease which catalyzes the cleavage of some cytokines and(More)
Primary periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) are known to possess multidifferentiation potential and exhibit an immunophenotype similar to that described for bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. In the present study, bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled ovine PDLSCs implanted into immunodeficient mice survived after 8 weeks post-transplantation and(More)