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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The origin of cells in the mature periodontium, and the location of their progenitors, are still unknown. It is also unknown whether inflammation influences the number and distribution of these cells within the periodontium. Molecules such as STRO-1, CD146 and CD44 have been identified on a variety of mesenchymal stem cells. The aim(More)
The pharmacological properties of (+)-(S)-5,5-dimethylmorpholinyl-2-acetic acid (Sch 50911) were evaluated on GABA(B) receptors in rat neocortical slices. The GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, produced a concentration-dependent depression of the frequency of spontaneous discharges in slices maintained in Mg2+-free Krebs medium with an EC50 of 6 microM,(More)
Incisor pulp from the rabbit metabolises exogenous noradrenaline in concentrations between 0.12 and 1.2 μmol/l mainly to NMN. Effects of chronic sympathetic denervation indicated that in incisor pulp the NMN is extraneuronal in origin, and that DOPEG and DOMA formation, as well as a major part of the noradrenaline which accumulates in the tissue, are(More)
Primary periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) are known to possess multidifferentiation potential and exhibit an immunophenotype similar to that described for bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. In the present study, bromo-deoxyuridine (BrdU)-labeled ovine PDLSCs implanted into immunodeficient mice survived after 8 weeks post-transplantation and(More)
Prostaglandins may influence cyclo-oxygenase (COX-2) and nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity, thus interfering with ischemia-induced neurotoxic processes. The prostaglandin synthetic derivative, latanoprost was tested in different in vivo and in vitro models of neuronal damage in order to study its influence on these processes. Ischemia was induced in rats(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been considered as a potential therapy for the treatment of periodontal defects arising from periodontitis. However, issues surrounding their accessibility and proliferation in culture significantly limit their ability to be used as a mainstream treatment approach. It is therefore important that alternative, easily(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the suggested role of Porphyromonas gingivalis peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) in the relationship between the aetiology of periodontal disease and experimentally induced arthritis and the possible association between these two conditions. METHODS A genetically modified PAD-deficient strain of P. gingivalis W50 was produced. The(More)
In rodent models of inflammatory arthritis, bone erosion has been non-invasively assessed by micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). However, non-invasive assessments of paw swelling (oedema) are still based on clinical grading by visual evaluation, or measurements by callipers, not always reliable for the tiny mouse paws. The aim of this work was to(More)
Particle-induced bone loss by osteoclasts is a common cause of aseptic loosening around implants. This study investigates whether caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a potent and specific inhibitor of nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic, calcineurin-dependent 1 and nuclear factor kappa B, at a low dose reduces bone resorption in a murine(More)
This study was undertaken to test for the presence of presynaptic beta-adrenoceptors on sympathetic nerves in human dental pulp and, if present, to investigate the subtype. Pulp was excised from freshly extracted teeth, incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline (0.6 micromol/l) and subsequently superfused with Krebs solution. Sympathetic nerves were stimulated at 5(More)