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We have purified and characterized two isoenzymes from a commercial lipase preparation of Candida cylindracea. The purification procedure includes ethanol precipitation and DEAE-Sephacel and Sephacryl HR 100 chromatographies. Lipase A and lipase B were purified 11-fold with a 5% and 21% recovery in activity, respectively. The enzymes have similar amino acid(More)
RL5, a gene coding for a novel polyphenol oxidase, was identified through activity screening of a metagenome expression library from bovine rumen microflora. Characterization of the recombinant protein produced in Escherichia coli revealed a multipotent capacity to oxidize a wide range of substrates (syringaldazine > 2,6-dimethoxyphenol > veratryl alcohol >(More)
An aspect in microbial fuel cell research that is currently of great interest is the development of bacterial cathodes. Bacterial cathodes that catalyze oxygen reduction to water at low pH have the advantage of overcoming the kinetic limitations due to the requirement of 4 protons per molecule reduced. In this work we have studied the performance of a(More)
Several anaerobic metal-reducing bacteria have been shown to be able to donate electrons directly to an electrode. This property is of great interest for microbial fuel cell development. To date, microbial fuel cell design requires avoiding O(2) diffusion from the cathodic compartment to the sensitive anodic compartment. Here, we show that Acidiphilium sp.(More)
Fe-only hydrogenases, as well as their NiFe counterparts, display unusual intrinsic high-frequency IR bands that have been assigned to CO and CN(-) ligation to iron in their active sites. FTIR experiments performed on the Fe-only hydrogenase from Desulfovibrio desulfuricans indicate that upon reduction of the active oxidized form, there is a major shift of(More)
The production of superoxide free radicals in pellet and supernatant fractions of glyoxysomes, specialized plant peroxisomes from watermelon (Citrullus vulgaris Schrad.) cotyledons, was investigated. Upon inhibition of the endogenous superoxide dismutase, xanthine, and hypoxanthine induced in glyoxysomal supernatants the generation of O(2) (-) radicals and(More)
The effect of amino acid residues modification of Desulfovibrio gigas hydrogenase on different activity assays is reported. The first method consisted in the modification of glutamic and aspartic acid residues of the enzyme with ethylenediamine in order to change the polarity of certain regions of the protein surface. The second method consisted in the(More)
Chlamydomonas reinhardii cells, after a period of dark anaerobic adaptation, evolve H(2) not only in the dark but also in the light. Our results show that high irradiances impair prolonged H(2) evolution, while under low irradiances or darkness H(2) evolution proceeds for more than 50 hours. NO(3) (-) and NO(2) (-) suppress H(2) evolution both in the dark(More)