Victor Makanjuola

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BACKGROUND Large-scale community studies of the prevalence of mental disorders using standardised assessment tools are rare in sub-Saharan Africa. AIMS To conduct such a study. METHOD Multistage stratified clustered sampling of households in the Yoruba-speaking parts of Nigeria. Face-to-face interviews used the World Mental Health version of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors surveyed attitudes towards mental illness among Nigerian medical personnel at three different levels of training and experience: medical students who had not completed their psychiatry rotation, medical students who had competed their psychiatry rotation, and graduate physicians. METHODS Six questions addressed beliefs about the(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse childhood experiences have been associated with a variety of mental health problems in adult life. AIMS To examine whether this reported link between childhood experiences and mental health disorders in adult life applies in a Sub-Saharan African setting where cultural and family attributes may be different. METHOD A multistage random(More)
BACKGROUND Estimates of the occurrence of insomnia are not available in sub-Sahara Africa where demographic profile is different from that in developed countries. However, such estimates need to be considered along with associated functional role impairment in assessing the extent of public health burden due to insomnia. METHODS Face-to-face interviews(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pain is quite common in the elderly and is often associated with comorbid depression, limitation of functioning and reduced quality of life. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether there is a differential risk of depression among persons with pain in different anatomical sites and to determine which pain conditions are independent(More)
Traditional and complementary systems of medicine (TCM) encompass a broad range of practices which are commonly embedded within contextual cultural milieu, reflecting community beliefs, experiences, religion and spirituality. Evidence from across the world, especially from low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), suggests that TCM is commonly used by a(More)
This quantitative study sought to compare beliefs about the manifestation, causes and treatment of mental illness and attitudes toward people with mental illness among health professionals from five countries: the United States, Brazil, Ghana, Nigeria, and China. A total of 902 health professionals from the five countries were surveyed using a questionnaire(More)
BACKGROUND Most cultures in sub-Saharan Africa subscribe to the belief that the root cause of psychosis is supernatural. Individuals in the community who hold a religiomagical explanatory model of causation have been shown to exhibit more stigmatizing attitudes towards people with psychosis. Self-stigma among individuals with psychosis is less frequently(More)
Traditional and complementary systems of medicine include a broad range of practices, which are commonly embedded in cultural milieus and reflect community beliefs, experiences, religion, and spirituality. Two major components of this system are discernible: complementary alternative medicine and traditional medicine, with different clientele and correlates(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this report is to highlight the background factors associated with opioid abuse among Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) patients. PATIENTS Eleven patients aged 13-53 years (mean, 26.1yrs) which included six female and five male were seen in the last six year at a tertiary health facility. The modes of abuse ranged from obtaining(More)