Victor Makanjuola

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BACKGROUND Large-scale community studies of the prevalence of mental disorders using standardised assessment tools are rare in sub-Saharan Africa. AIMS To conduct such a study. METHOD Multistage stratified clustered sampling of households in the Yoruba-speaking parts of Nigeria. Face-to-face interviews used the World Mental Health version of the(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors surveyed attitudes towards mental illness among Nigerian medical personnel at three different levels of training and experience: medical students who had not completed their psychiatry rotation, medical students who had competed their psychiatry rotation, and graduate physicians. METHODS Six questions addressed beliefs about the(More)
BACKGROUND Estimates of the occurrence of insomnia are not available in sub-Sahara Africa where demographic profile is different from that in developed countries. However, such estimates need to be considered along with associated functional role impairment in assessing the extent of public health burden due to insomnia. METHODS Face-to-face interviews(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse childhood experiences have been associated with a variety of mental health problems in adult life. AIMS To examine whether this reported link between childhood experiences and mental health disorders in adult life applies in a Sub-Saharan African setting where cultural and family attributes may be different. METHOD A multistage random(More)
BACKGROUND There is paucity of studies on isolated sleep paralysis (ISP). OBJECTIVES To explore the relationship of variables for ISP sufferers, and clarify factors predictive of ISP health behaviour (IHB--doing something to prevent further attacks). DESIGN Cross-sectional study. SETTING General population. MEASUREMENT 24-item ISP questionnaire(More)
This quantitative study sought to compare beliefs about the manifestation, causes and treatment of mental illness and attitudes toward people with mental illness among health professionals from five countries: the United States, Brazil, Ghana, Nigeria, and China. A total of 902 health professionals from the five countries were surveyed using a questionnaire(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pain is quite common in the elderly and is often associated with comorbid depression, limitation of functioning and reduced quality of life. The aim of this study was to ascertain whether there is a differential risk of depression among persons with pain in different anatomical sites and to determine which pain conditions are independent(More)
Frontotemporal lobal degeneration (FTLD) is a clinically heterogeneous group of sporadic and familial neurodegenerative diseases characterized by dementia, alteration in language and/or behaviour, loss of executive skills and sometimes Parkinsonian features resulting from degeneration predominantly affecting the anterior frontal and temporal regions of the(More)
BACKGROUND Inappropriate arginine vasopressin (AVP) secretion has been reported in schizophrenic patients. However, there is lack of information on serum level of copeptin and its diagnostic performance in schizophrenia. This study therefore, evaluated serum copeptin and its diagnostic performance in schizophrenic patients. METHODS Sixty subjects (30.02 ±(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective was to examine the psychometric properties of two brief screening questionnaires for common mental disorders in general practices in areas speaking the three main Nigerian languages. METHOD Consecutives attendees of selected general practices in Ibadan, Enugu and Kaduna were screened with the General Health Questionnaire 12-item(More)