Victor M. Pulgar

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Citation: Pulgar VM (2015) Direct electric stimulation to increase cerebrovascular function. Various conditions affecting the cerebral vasculature may lead to cumulative damage and thus deterioration of brain function, in what has been called vascular cognitive impairment (Gorelick et al., 2011). Consequently, it makes sense that an increase in glucose and(More)
We have shown that 5 days of mild hypoxia has significant effects on fetal ECoG activity, heart rate and blood pressure. We now studied if mild prolonged hypoxemia had an adverse effect on the fetal cardiovascular and neural responses to repeated cord occlusion and on the magnitude of neuronal damage. Fetal and maternal catheters were placed at 120 days'(More)
AIMS To study the nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide roles in the regulation of the pulmonary circulation in lowland and highland newborn sheep and llamas. METHODS AND RESULTS We used neonatal sheep (Ovis aries) and llamas (Lama glama) whose gestation and delivery took place at low (580 m) or high (3600 m) altitude. In vivo, we measured the(More)
The effects of chronic mild hypoxemia on the binding of angiotensin receptors in selected brain stem nuclei and reflex responses were studied in fetal sheep. Fetal and maternal catheters were placed at 120 days' gestation, and animals received intratracheal maternal administration of nitrogen (n = 16) or compressed air in controls (n = 19). Nitrogen(More)
In the past two decades, Chile has developed intense mining activity in the Andes mountain range, whose altitude is over 4,000 meters above sea level. It is estimated that a workforce population of over 55,000 is exposed to high altitude hypobaric hypoxia. The miners work under shift systems which vary from 4 to 20 days at the worksite followed by rest days(More)
BACKGROUND Endocannabinoids (ECs) are important contributors to implantation and decidualization and are suppressed in early pregnancy. Elevated levels of anandamide (AEA), the endogenous ligand for the CB1 and CB2 receptors (R), interfere with receptivity of the blastocyst. Ang-(1-7) is down-regulated in the implantation site (IS) in normal pregnancy at(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived prostanoids (PGE2, PGI2) are important contributors to the process of decidualization. Previous studies showed the presence of Ang-(1-7) in the primary and secondary decidualized zones of the implantation site at early pregnancy. Decreased concentrations of Ang-(1-7) were found in the decidualized uterus compared to(More)
Figueroa JP. Mild chronic hypoxemia modifies expression of brain stem angiotensin peptide receptors and reflex responses in fetal sheep. The effects of chronic mild hypoxemia on the binding of angiotensin receptors in selected brain stem nuclei and reflex responses were studied in fetal sheep. Fetal and maternal catheters were placed at 120 days' gestation,(More)
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