Victor Louis Jeannoda

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Two clerodane diterpenoids, antadiosbulbins A and B and two 19-norclerodane diterpenes, 8-epidiosbulbins E and G along with the known diosbulbin E as well as nine known phenolics including five phenanthrenes and stilbenes and four flavonoids were isolated from the ethyl acetate soluble part of the methanolic extract of the tubers of Dioscorea antaly, a yam(More)
The toxic principle of Cnestis glabra, identified as methionine sulfoximine has been found as a permanent constituent of the soluble amino acid pool of this plant. In the roots the toxin concentration varies markedly according to the developmental stage of the plant. The poisonous principles of Cnestis polyphylla and Rourea orientalis, two other Connaraceae(More)
The yams edible starchy tubers, are of cultural, economic and nutritional importance in tropical and subtropical regions. The present study concerns the analysis at different levels of Dioscorea antaly toxicity to medaka embryo-larval development. The incubation of medaka fish embryos in a medium containing Dioscorea antaly extract resulted in a dose(More)
A new species of Dioscorea from Morondava prefecture in Western Madagascar is described. Dioscorea bako Wilkin differs from D. alatipes Burkill & H. Perr. by its usually shallowly and irregularly lobed leaf margins, broader leaf blade (grey-green below), longer petiole and the broadly cuneate area where the petiole is inserted onto the leaf blade in the(More)
Kitoza is a traditional meat product from Madagascar manufactured with strips of pork or beef. The process includes a first step of salting and mixing with spices followed by sun-drying or smoking step. As salting and drying select coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS), our aim was to identify the CNS species in kitoza with the objective in the future of(More)
Previous phytochemical studies have shown that the plants of the Albizia genus (Fabaceae) contain bioactive saponins, lignans, spermine alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides phenols and pyridoxine derivatives. Their extracts sometimes display medical properties, but can have also toxic effects. The purpose of our study was to determine the in vivo toxicity of(More)
In this study, we report for the first time the presence of alkaloids belonging to β-carboline type in the pods of the endemic Albizia polyphylla from Madagascar. Three major alkaloids were isolated and structurally identified as: 1-methyl-β-carboline, (+)-(R)-1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline and (-)-(S)-1,2-dimethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-β-carboline.
A dialysable and thermostable compound was partially purified from Cnestis glabra (Connaracea) seeds. It is insoluble in organic solvents. At a dose corresponding to 0.5 g of seeds it has a lethal effect on mice after convulsive attacks. Sodium dipropylacetate, an anticonvulsive agent prevents the convulsions but not the death of the animals. The toxic(More)
Rhodocodon madagascariensis, also named Urginea mascarenensis, is a malagasy plant belonging to the Hyacinthaceae family. As for the other members of the endemic malagasy genus Rhodocodon, the chemical and toxicological properties of this species have not yet been studied. The present study concerns the analysis of the toxicity of R. madagascariensis to(More)
A neurotoxic compound, inhibiting protein synthesis in cell culture, was isolated in a yield of about 0.4 per cent from Cnestis glabra root barks (Connaraceae) by a five-step fractionation procedure (filtration on activated charcoal, treatment by neutral lead acetate and fractionations on Dowex 50 X 8 in H+ and NH+4 forms). The purified toxin appeared(More)
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