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The biological variation in maximum aerobic power (V O2max) was examined in four trained females and one trained male. An average of 8-20 repeat VO2max treadmill tests over a 2-4 wk period were performed on each subject (80 total tests). Biological variation (Si) in VO2max was computed as the standard deviation for the VO2max values for each individual,(More)
The BP distribution of a group of 72 obese adolescents was determined both before and after weight loss. Weight loss was produced by a program of caloric restriction and behavior change alone (n = 26) or with a combination of caloric restriction, behavior change, and exercise (n = 25). It was demonstrated that obese adolescents have a BP distribution that(More)
To assess the reliability and within subject variability of steady-rate ventilation (VE), oxygen uptake (VO2), heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, 4 subjects exercised for 10 minutes at 3 work rates on a bicycle ergometer: 50 W, 125 W and 55% of maximum work rate (55% max). Each testing session included two work rates and only 2 testing(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify body composition changes during amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) progression and to determine whether these subjects were losing or maintaining the energy stored in their bodies. The body composition of 12 males in the early stages of ALS and 6 age-matched controls was measured twice over a 6-month period using(More)
  • V L Katch
  • 1983
Exercise-induced changes in muscular and cardiovascular function in pre- and postpubescent children are explained in terms of a "Trigger Hypothesis." This hypothesis predicts that, prepubertally, there will be only small training-induced biological alterations because of the lack of hormonal control. It is suggested, therefore, that emphasis be placed on(More)
Hydrostatic weighing (HW) was performed at both residual volume (RV) and total lung capacity (TLC) (both measured on land) to determine if underwater weighting at extreme lung volumes affected the measurement of body density. Subjects were 72 middle-aged males (mean age = 43.4 yr) and 51 middle-aged females (mean age = 40.2 yr). Subjects were first assessed(More)