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OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence and risk factors of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) in Chinese children using a two-phase community-based study design. METHODS Children from 13 primary schools were randomly recruited. A validated OSAS screening questionnaire was completed by their parents. Children at high risk of OSAS and a randomly chosen(More)
BACKGROUND Childhood obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is suggested to be associated with cardiac structural abnormalities and dysfunction but existing evidence is limited and the treatment effect on echocardiographic outcome remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To examine the presence of subclinical cardiac abnormalities in childhood OSA and the effects of(More)
AIMS The natural history of mild childhood obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) was examined and factors associated with disease progression were identified. METHODS Subjects were recruited from an epidemiological study which examined the prevalence of OSA in Chinese children aged 6-13 years. The first 56 consecutive children identified with mild OSA(More)
OBJECTIVES To share our experience in the management of drooling in Hong Kong, to describe the clinical profile of children with this problem, and to report the clinical outcome of oro-motor training. METHODS Children attending the Drooling Clinic of Alice Ho Miu Ling Nethersole Hospital, Hong Kong between January 2000 and June 2003 were included.(More)
Vascular malformations arising from the wall of the external jugular vein are rare. This case series discusses the sonographic and MR imaging appearances of four such cases and reviews the literature. The diagnosis should be suggested preoperatively particularly because of the close relationship such malformations to the external jugular vein, as this helps(More)
Symptomatic laryngeal chondrometaplasia is rare. To the best of our knowledge, there are only few case reports on laryngeal chondrometaplasia. The imaging appearance of this uncommon disease is even more rarely described. There are only two case reports describing its appearances in computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Ultrasound(More)
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