Victor J. Morris

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It has been reported that modified forms of pectin possess anticancer activity. To account for this bioactivity, it has been proposed that fragments of pectin molecules can act by binding to and inhibiting the various roles of the mammalian protein galectin 3 (Gal3) in cancer progression and metastasis. Despite this clear molecular hypothesis and evidence(More)
The rheological properties and microstructure of aqueous oat β-glucan solutions varying in molecular weight were investigated. The structural features and molecular weights (MW) were characterized by (13)C NMR spectroscopy and high performance size-exclusion chromatography (HPSEC), respectively. The microstructure of the β-glucans dispersions was also(More)
The complex structures of water-soluble wheat arabinoxylans have been mapped along individual molecules, and within populations, using the visualisation of the binding of inactivated enzymes by atomic force microscopy (AFM). It was demonstrated that site-directed mutagenesis (SDM) can be used to produce inactive enzymes as structural probes. For the SDM(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is a nanoscience tool that has been used to provide new information on the molecular structure of food materials. As an imaging tool it has led to solutions to previously intractable problems in food science. This type of information can provide a basis for tailoring food structures to optimise functional behaviour. Such an(More)
Atomic force microscopy has been used to characterise populations of extracted water-soluble wheat endosperm arabinoxylans. The adsorbed molecules are extended structures with an estimated Kuhn statistical segment length of 128 nm, suggesting that they adopt an ordered helical structure. However, estimates of the molecular weight distribution, coupled with(More)
beta-Lactoglobulin and whey protein isolate (WPI) were heated in aqueous solutions at pH 2 and 7 at 80 degrees C, spread onto freshly cleaved mica surfaces, and visualized under butanol using atomic force microscopy. Fine-stranded aggregates were formed at pH 2, the diameter of strands being ca. 4 nm for beta-lactoglobulin and 10 nm for WPI. At pH 7,(More)
It is increasingly recognized that changes in the composition of the oil-water interface can markedly affect pancreatic lipase adsorption and function. To understand interfacial mechanisms determining lipase activity, we investigated the adsorption behavior of bile salts and pancreatic colipase and lipase onto digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) and(More)
Starch granule structure within wild-type and ae high-amylose mutant maize kernels has been mapped in situ using light, electron and atomic force microscopy, and both Raman and infra-red spectroscopy. The population of wild-type starch granules is found to be homogenous. The ae mutant granule population is heterogeneous. Heterogeneity in chemical and(More)
Specific molecular-receptor interactions with gut epithelium cells are important in understanding bioactivity of food components and drugs, binding of commensal microflora, attachment and initiation of defense mechanisms against pathogenic bacteria and for development of targeted delivery systems to the gut. However, methods for probing such interactions(More)
Gelation of kappa-carrageenan is believed to involve two steps: helix formation on cooling and a further specific cation (salt) induced side-by-side aggregation of helices. Samples that should contain aggregated and also nonaggregated "helices" of kappa-carrageenan were prepared in aqueous solutions, spread onto freshly cleaved mica surfaces, and visualized(More)