Victor I Ugarov

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The ability of RNAs to spontaneously rearrange their sequences under physiological conditions is demonstrated using the molecular colony technique, which allows single RNA molecules to be detected provided that they are amplifiable by the replicase of bacteriophage Qbeta. The rearrangements are Mg2+-dependent, sequence-non-specific, and occur both in trans(More)
Extensive nonhomologous recombinations occur between the 5' and 3' fragments of a replicable RNA in a cell-free system composed of pure Qbeta phage replicase and ribonucleoside triphosphates, providing direct evidence for the ability of RNAs to recombine without DNA intermediates and in the absence of host cell proteins. The recombination events are(More)
When PCR is carried out in a polyacrylamide gel, each target molecule forms a molecular colony that comprises many copies of the original template. By counting the number of colonies, one can directly determine the target titer, with 100% of the DNA molecules and approximately 15% of the RNA molecules being detected. Furthermore, because of the spatial(More)
An earlier developed purified cell-free system was used to explore the potential of two RNA-directed RNA polymerases (RdRps), Qbeta phage replicase and the poliovirus 3Dpol protein, to promote RNA recombination through a primer extension mechanism. The substrates of recombination were fragments of complementary strands of a Qbeta phage-derived RNA, such(More)
A very efficient replicase template has been isolated from the products of spontaneous RNA synthesis in an in vitro Q beta replicase reaction that was incubated in the absence of added RNA. This template was named RQ135 RNA because it is 135 nucleotides in length. Its sequence consists entirely of segments that are homologous to ribosomal 23 S RNA and the(More)
Expression of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) mRNAs in cell-free Escherichia coli translation systems is greatly enhanced as a result of their insertion into RQ135 RNA, a naturally occurring satellite of phage Q beta. The enhancement is due to protection of the recombinant mRNAs against endogenous ribonucleases and(More)
Combination of the Q beta replicase reaction with the Escherichia coli cell-free translation system markedly enhances replication of a recombinant RQ-DHFR RNA consisting of the dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) mRNA sequence inserted into RQ135(-1) RNA, an efficient naturally occurring Q beta replicase template. The enhancement is associated with a replication(More)
S1 is the largest ribosomal protein, and is vitally important for the cell. S1 is also a subunit of Qβ replicase, the RNA-directed RNA polymerase of bacteriophage Qβ. In both protein and RNA syntheses, S1 is commonly believed to bind to a template RNA at the initiation step, and not to be involved in later events. Here, we show that in Qβ replicase-mediated(More)
Qbeta replicase (RNA-directed RNA polymerase of bacteriophage Qbeta) exponentially amplifies certain RNAs in vitro. Previous studies have shown that Qbeta replicase can initiate and elongate on a variety of RNAs; however, only a minute fraction of them are recognized as 'legitimate' templates. Guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP)-dependent initiation on a(More)
Qbeta replicase (RNA-directed RNA polymerase of bacteriophage Qbeta) exponentially amplifies certain RNAs (RQ RNAs) in vitro. Here we characterize template properties of the 5' and 3' fragments obtained by cleaving one of such RNAs at an internal site. We unexpectedly found that, besides the 3' fragment, Qbeta replicase can copy the 5' fragment and a number(More)