Victor G. Young

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Emissions of volatile chemicals control the hydroxyl radical (OH), the atmosphere's main cleansing agent, and thus the production of secondary pollutants. Accounting for all of these chemicals can be difficult, especially in environments with mixed urban and forest emissions. The first direct measurements of the atmospheric OH reactivity, the inverse of the(More)
Solvent-mediated polymorphic transformation is an efficient technique to obtain the most stable polymorph. The rate of solvent-mediated polymorphic transformation of sulfamerazine at 24 degrees C in various solvents and solvent mixtures is controlled by the nucleation rate of the more stable Form II. The transformation rate is generally higher in the(More)
The syntheses and properties of the monomeric [MnIII/IIH31(OH)]-/2- and [MnIIIH31(O)]2- complexes are reported, where [H31]3- is the tripodal ligand tris[(N'-tert-butylureaylato)-N-ethyl)]aminato. Isotope-labeling studies with H218O confirmed that water is the source of the terminal oxo and oxygen in the hydroxo ligand. The molecular structures of the(More)
Cromolyn sodium (CS, disodium cromoglycate) is an antiasthmatic and antiallergenic drug. The solid-state behavior of CS is still not completely understood. CS forms nonstoichiometric hydrates and sorbs and liberates water in a continuous manner, although with hysteresis. The reported continuous changes in crystal lattice parameters of CS, which are(More)
Continued investigation of cancer-cell growth-inhibitory constituents of the blue marine sponge Cribrochalina sp. has led to discovery of cribrostatins 3 (4a), 4 (5), and 5 (4b) in 10(-5) to 10(-7) % of the wet weight. The structure of cribrostatin 3 (4a) was determined by results of high field (500 MHz) (1)H and (13)C NMR and HRMS interpretations. The same(More)
Four crystal structure determinations of 2,2,3,3,4,4-hexafluoropentane-1,5-diol (HFPD), C5H6F6O2, were conducted on a single specimen by varying the temperature. Two polymorphs of HFPD were found to be enantiotropically related as phases (I) and (II), both in the space group P1. These structures contain closely related R(4)(4)(20) sheets. A structure(More)
A key step in dioxygen evolution during photosynthesis is the oxidative generation of the O-O bond from water by a manganese cluster consisting of M2(mu-O)2 units (where M is manganese). The reverse reaction, reductive cleavage of the dioxygen O-O bond, is performed at a variety of dicopper and di-iron active sites in enzymes that catalyze important organic(More)
The synthesis, structures, and reactivity of cationic aluminum complexes containing the N,N'-diisopropylaminotroponiminate ligand ((i)Pr(2)-ATI(-)) are described. The reaction of ((i)Pr(2)-ATI)AlR(2) (1a-e,g,h; R = H (a), Me (b), Et (c), Pr (d), (i)Bu (e), Cy (g), CH(2)Ph (h)) with [Ph(3)C][B(C(6)F(5))(4)] yields ((i)()Pr(2)-ATI)AlR(+) species whose fate(More)
The hydration behavior of a salt depends on the nature of the cation and the anion and on the molecular packing. A transition metal salt (nickel) of nedocromil was prepared and its crystal structure was elucidated in an attempt to study the influence of the nature of the bivalent cation on the structure, water interactions and molecular packing. Crystal(More)