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A preliminary report on medical radiation exposures to the US population based on publicly available sources of data estimated that the collective dose received from medical uses of radiation has increased by Ͼ700% between 1980 and 2006. 1 Computed tomography (CT) has had an annual growth rate of Ͼ10% per year and accounted for Ϸ50% of the collective dose(More)
Activation of multiple pathways is associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. Repression of antihypertrophic pathways has rarely been demonstrated to cause cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. Hop is an unusual homeodomain protein that is expressed by embryonic and postnatal cardiac myocytes. Unlike other homeodomain proteins, Hop does not bind DNA.(More)
Doppler echocardiography is commonly used to estimate systolic pulmonary artery pressure and to diagnose pulmonary hypertension, but data relating to its utility in patients with advanced lung disease are limited. In a cohort study of 374 lung transplant candidates, the performance characteristics of echocardiography compared with right heart(More)
BACKGROUND In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, ejection fraction is normal or increased, and force-length relations are reduced. However, three-dimensional (3D) motion and deformation in vivo have not been assessed in this condition. We have reconstructed the 3D motion of the left ventricle (LV) during systole in 7 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(More)
The structural integrity of the heart is maintained by the end-to-end connection between the myocytes called the intercalated disc. The intercalated disc contains different junctional complexes that enable the myocardium to function as a syncytium. One of the junctional complexes, the zonula adherens or adherens junction, consists of the cell adhesion(More)
PURPOSE To compare the incidence and distribution of coronary artery disease after left-sided versus right-sided irradiation in patients treated with breast conservation for early-stage breast cancer who subsequently underwent cardiac stress testing and/or catheterization for cardiovascular symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS The medical records of 961 stage(More)
Mouse models are expected to play an important role in future investigations of human cardiac diseases. In the present report, MRI methods for determining global and regional cardiac function in the mouse are demonstrated. ECG-gated cine images were acquired in five C57BL/6 mice at physiological temperatures (37 degrees C) and heart rates of 500 +/- 50(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to determine interobserver agreement for interpretation of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations of arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) and to determine sensitivity and specificity of fat detection versus functional parameters measured by MRI. BACKGROUND The interobserver variability of MRI(More)
The effect of inotropic stimulation on the pattern and magnitude of regional left ventricular contraction was studied using tagged magnetic resonance imaging to assess whether dobutamine exacerbates variation in regional contraction at rest. Dobutamine stress testing defines a normal response as a homogeneous increase in regional wall motion. In 8 normal(More)
Although resting hemodynamic load has been extensively investigated as a determinant of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, little is known about the relationship between provoked hemodynamic load and the risk of LV hypertrophy. We studied central pressure-flow relations among 40 hypertensive and 19 normotensive adults using carotid applanation tonometry and(More)