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Mouse models are expected to play an important role in future investigations of human cardiac diseases. In the present report, MRI methods for determining global and regional cardiac function in the mouse are demonstrated. ECG-gated cine images were acquired in five C57BL/6 mice at physiological temperatures (37 degrees C) and heart rates of 500 +/- 50(More)
In studies of transmural myocardial function, acquisitions of high spatial and temporal resolution tagged cardiac images often exceed the practical time limit for breath-hold fast imaging techniques. Therefore, a dual cardiac-respiratory gating device has been constructed to acquire SPAMM-tagged cardiac MR images at or near end-expiration during spontaneous(More)
The structural integrity of the heart is maintained by the end-to-end connection between the myocytes called the intercalated disc. The intercalated disc contains different junctional complexes that enable the myocardium to function as a syncytium. One of the junctional complexes, the zonula adherens or adherens junction, consists of the cell adhesion(More)
Lymphatic vessels develop from specialized endothelial cells in preexisting blood vessels, but the molecular signals that regulate this separation are unknown. Here we identify a failure to separate emerging lymphatic vessels from blood vessels in mice lacking the hematopoietic signaling protein SLP-76 or Syk. Blood-lymphatic connections lead to embryonic(More)
A preliminary report on medical radiation exposures to the US population based on publicly available sources of data estimated that the collective dose received from medical uses of radiation has increased by Ͼ700% between 1980 and 2006. 1 Computed tomography (CT) has had an annual growth rate of Ͼ10% per year and accounted for Ϸ50% of the collective dose(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms of ventricular enlargement and dysfunction during postinfarct remodeling remain largely unknown. Although global left ventricular architectural changes after myocardial infarction are well documented, differences in function between adjacent and remote noninfarcted myocardium during left ventricular remodeling have not been(More)
Hop is an unusual homeobox gene expressed in the embryonic and adult heart. Hop acts downstream of Nkx2-5 during development, and Nkx2-5 mutations are associated with cardiac conduction system (CCS) defects. Inactivation of Hop in the mouse is lethal in half of the expected null embryos. Here, we show that Hop is expressed strongly in the adult CCS. Hop-/-(More)
or distribution of this document are not permitted without the express permission of the American Heart Association. Instructions for obtaining permission are located at http://www.americanheart.org/ presenter.jhtml?identifierϭ4431. A link to the " Permission Request Form " appears on the right side of the page. Preamble This document has been developed by(More)
Right ventricular (RV) regional function, in both normal and diseased states, is not well characterized. Using 1D MR myocardial tagging, RV and septal intramyocardial segmental shortening was noninvasively measured in ten healthy subjects and in seven patients with chronic pulmonary hypertension. The normal RV free wall regional shortening was not uniform.(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), left ventricular ejection performance may be normal while segmental myocardial function is distinctly abnormal. The advent of magnetic resonance tissue tagging has allowed the noninvasive evaluation of intramyocardial segmental shortening in vivo in a topographic and temporal manner. METHODS(More)