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BACKGROUND Morgellons is a poorly characterized constellation of symptoms, with the primary manifestations involving the skin. We conducted an investigation of this unexplained dermopathy to characterize the clinical and epidemiologic features and explore potential etiologies. METHODS A descriptive study was conducted among persons at least 13 years of(More)
Spasmodic dysphonia is a neurological disorder characterized by involuntary spasms in the laryngeal muscles during speech production. Although the clinical symptoms are well characterized, the pathophysiology of this voice disorder is unknown. We describe here, for the first time to our knowledge, disorder-specific brain abnormalities in these patients as(More)
The histomorphologic characteristics and chemical composition of the crystals associated with suspected pet food-induced nephrotoxicosis in 3 dogs are described. Kidney specimens from 2 dogs, a 3-year-old Parson Russell Terrier and a 3-year-old Bernese Mountain Dog, were examined. Both developed acute renal failure after eating canned pet food on the 2007(More)
Breast implant capsular tissues from 86 cases were studied to characterize the relationship between capsular findings and the type of implant used. Tissues were examined by light microscopy, immunohistochemistry, scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive x-ray analysis and Fourier transform infrared, and Raman microspectroscopy. Capsular pathology was(More)
High-definition Raman chemical imaging microscopy is applied to the histopathological characterization of biopsied human breast tissue containing foreign polymer inclusions. The polymer material is found in a patient with a history of silicone implant breast reconstructive surgery. Silicone implants are, on occasion, anchored to the soft tissues of the(More)
BACKGROUND A wide variety of materials present in current military conflict zones may be implanted and retained as "foreign bodies" or fragments in wounds. Analysis of removed fragments can be valuable to the patient, for research purposes, and for the protection of future potential victims. OBJECTIVES The objectives were to evaluate the composition of(More)
Between 1 and 2 million women in the United States have silicone breast implants. Complications include capsular contracture and calcification and possibly connective tissue diseases such as scleroderma and rheumatoid arthritis, a subject of some controversy. In order to accurately assess the role of silicone in any histopathologic change, it is necessary(More)
Calcification of the fibrous capsule surrounding silicone breast implants is a well-recognized occurrence that increases with time following implantation. These mineralized deposits potentially confound mammographic breast cancer surveillance already made difficult by the obscuring effects of silicone breast implants. The authors performed elemental(More)
Fourier-transform infrared microspectroscopy was used to identify polymeric microparticles, such as polyethylene, polysulfone, polytetrafluoroethylene, polyurethane, silicon-based, and nylon-based plastics, in tissue sections. Foreign particles as small as 30 microns in diameter were identified. In addition to being a nondestructive technique, infrared(More)