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Spatial solitons can exist in various kinds of nonlinear optical resonators with and without amplification. In the past years different types of these localized structures such as vortices, bright, dark solitons, and phase solitons have been experimentally shown to exist. Many links appear to exist to fields different from optics, such as fluids, phase… (More)
We report the controlled observation of the nonequilibrium Ising-Bloch transition in a broad area nonlinear optical cavity (a quasi-1D single longitudinal-mode photorefractive oscillator in a degenerate four-wave mixing configuration). Our experimental technique allows for the controlled injection of the domain walls. We use cavity detuning as control… (More)
We report the experimental observation of the conversion of a phase-invariant nonlinear system into a bistable phase-locked one via rocking [G. J. de Valcárcel and K. Staliunas, Phys. Rev. E 67, 026604 (2003)10.1103/PhysRevE.67.026604]. This conversion results in vortices of the phase-invariant system being replaced by phase patterns such as domain walls. A… (More)
We show experimentally the feasibility of optically controlled location, individual addressing/erasure and steering of phase domain walls by injection of coherent addressing pulses into a phase-locked four-wave-mixing photorefractive oscillator.
Bright and dark spatial solitons are observed in an optically pumped semiconductor resonator. The pumping allows us to reduce considerably the light intensity necessary for the existence of the solitons and alleviates thermal load problems. Experiments are found to agree qualitatively with calculations based on a simple large-aperture semiconductor… (More)
We report the experimental characterization of domain walls dynamics in a photorefractive resonator in a degenerate four wave mixing configuration. We show how the non flat profile of the emitted field affects the velocity of domain walls as well as the variations of intensity and phase gradient during their motion. We find a clear correlation between these… (More)
We show that a parametrically driven cubic-quintic complex Ginzburg-Landau equation exhibits a hysteretic nonequilibrium Ising-Bloch transition for large enough quintic nonlinearity. These results help to understand the recent experimental observation of this phenomenon [A. Esteban-Martín, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 223903 (2005)].
A novel polarimetric technique for measuring the nonlinear change of optical polarization at a vector two-wave mixing interaction is described and demonstrated as an absorption and refraction of bacteriorhodopsin.
We propose using a specially designed metal-multilayer-dielectric structure deposited on glass substrate to enhance the evanescent field and improve the sensitivity of the surface plasmon resonance sensor. The proposed structure supports both hybrid plasmonic transverse magnetic modes and conventional waveguide transverse electric modes. We show numerically… (More)
We propose a structure based on combination of multilayer stack of dielectric films and thin metal layer for excitation and enhancement of both s- and p-polarized evanescent waves. It is shown that two different mechanisms of evanescent wave excitation may occur at the same angle of light beam incidence on the structure. Application for evanescent wave… (More)